The US Temperature Record 5: Preparing the Data

    1. Chose the dataset you want to use. I use the raw data because as a chemist I learned to use the data I recorded, and any fiddling you want to do needs to be done in the model. I'll be comparing the data later in this series. As an example, I'll use the tmax.raw data. Grab the file from https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/pub/data/ushcn/v2.5/ (about 5 MB), which has the .tar.gz extension. Most zip programs can open this, and you'll need to drill into the directory structure (four-levels deep!) and unzip the .txt files in its own directory. I named mine tmax.raw. It contains 1200+ files.
    2. Concantate all the files into a single text file named tmax.raw.txt by first opening a command line window (windows-R, "cmd", enter) and navigate to the folder you just created:
      cd downloads
      cd ushcn
      cd tmax.raw
      dir (to confirm files are there)
      copy *.* Tmax.raw.txt
    3. This creates a file, Tmax.raw.txt, which is about 18 MB long.
    4. Import this data into a database program. I'll use MS Access, but libreBase works also. A spreadsheet won't work too well because we'll need to average all temperature readings for each year. The import function needs to define the columns of the data. Here is the list of the data columns, and there are a lot of them:
                Variable          Columns      Type
                --------          -------      ----
      
                ID                 1-11        Integer
                YEAR              13-16        Integer
                VALUE1            17-22        Integer
                DMFLAG1           23-23        Character
                QCFLAG1           24-24        Character
                DSFLAG1           25-25        Character
                  .                 .             .
                  .                 .             .
                  .                 .             .
                VALUE12          116-121       Integer
                DMFLAG12         122-122       Character
                QCFLAG12         123-123       Character
                DSFLAG12         124-124       Character
    5. And repeat this process for any other datasets you want to graph. Create each in a new table of the database. You can save the import format so the subsequent imports are much easier than setting up the first. Each data table will be about 150,000 rows long, each representing one station's monthly averages for that year. What I did was build one saved import into a table names TEMP, then used that same import for each dataset. I'd rename the resulting table after the import to whatever it was (Tmax.raw for example).
    6. Now, they didn't make this easy. Whenever a value is not known, they used the value -9999. All those need to be changed to [null] using the search-and-replace function; just leave the new value blank.
    7. If you want to do what I'm doing by importing every dataset, plan to spend some time at it. The resulting .accdb file will be quite large. Maybe I'll update this file each year and make it available for download. Depends how well it compresses. These don't need to be updated often; the time base for climate changes is very long, decades. 

Next: Part 6: producing the annual averages and making the graphs.

The US Temperature Record 4: Data Flags

The data provided has flags you should understand. Definitions below are from the USHCN Status file. 

Data Measurement Flag

                  blank = no measurement information applicable
                  a-i = number of days missing in calculation of monthly mean
                        temperature 
		  E = The value is estimated using values from surrounding
		      stations because a monthly value could not be computed 
		      from daily data; or,
                      the pairwise homogenization algorithm removed the value 
		      because of too many apparent inhomogeneities occuring 
		      close together in time.

Quality Control Flag

        
                  BLANK = no failure of quality control check or could not be
                          evaluated.

                  D = monthly value is part of an annual series of values that
                      are exactly the same (e.g. duplicated) within another
                      year in the station's record.

                  I = checks for internal consistency between TMAX and TMIN. 
                      Flag is set when TMIN > TMAX for a given month. 

                  L = monthly value is isolated in time within the station
                      record, and this is defined by having no immediate non-
                      missing values 18 months on either side of the value.

                  M = Manually flagged as erroneous.

                  O = monthly value that is >= 5 bi-weight standard deviations
                      from the bi-weight mean.  Bi-weight statistics are
                      calculated from a series of all non-missing values in 
                      the station's record for that particular month.

                  S = monthly value has failed spatial consistency check.
                      Any value found to be between 2.5 and 5.0 bi-weight
                      standard deviations from the bi-weight mean, is more
                      closely scrutinized by exmaining the 5 closest neighbors
                      (not to exceed 500.0 km) and determine their associated
                      distribution of respective z-scores.  At least one of 
                      the neighbor stations must have a z score with the same
                      sign as the target and its z-score must be greater than
                      or equal to the z-score listed in column B (below),
                      where column B is expressed as a function of the target
                      z-score ranges (column A). 

                                  ---------------------------- 
                                       A       |        B
                                  ----------------------------
                                    4.0 - 5.0  |       1.9
                                  ----------------------------
                                    3.0 - 4.0  |       1.8
                                  ----------------------------
                                   2.75 - 3.0  |       1.7
                                  ----------------------------
                                   2.50 - 2.75 |       1.6
                                     


                  W = monthly value is duplicated from the previous month,
                      based upon regional and spatial criteria and is only 
                      applied from the year 2000 to the present.                   

                  Quality Controlled Adjusted (QCA) QC Flags:

                  A = alternative method of adjustment used.
 
                  M = values with a non-blank quality control flag in the "qcu"
                      dataset are set to missing the adjusted dataset and given
                      an "M" quality control flag.

 Data Source Flag

                  Blank = Value was computed from daily data available in GHCN-Daily
		  
	          Not Blank = Daily data are not available so the monthly value was 
		              obtained from the USHCN version 1 dataset.  The possible 
			      Version 1 DSFLAGS are as follows:
	       
                              1 =  NCDC Tape Deck 3220, Summary of the Month Element Digital File
	                      2 =  Means Book - Smithsonian Institute, C.A. Schott (1876, 1881 thru 1931)
                              3 =  Manuscript - Original Records, National Climatic Data Center 
                              4 =  Climatological Data (CD), monthly NCDC publication 
                              5 =  Climate Record Book, as described in History of Climatological Record
		                   Books, U.S. Department of Commerce, Weather Bureau, USGPO (1960)
                              6 =  Bulletin W - Summary of the Climatological Data for the United States (by
                                   section), F.H. Bigelow, U.S. Weather Bureau (1912); and, Bulletin W -
                                   Summary of the Climatological Data for the United States, 2nd Ed.
                              7 =  Local Climatological Data (LCD), monthly NCDC publication
                              8 =  State Climatologists, various sources
                              B =  Professor Raymond Bradley - Refer to Climatic Fluctuations of the Western
                                   United States During the Period of Instrumental Records, Bradley, et. al.,
                                   Contribution No. 42, Dept. of Geography and Geology, University of
                                   Massachusetts (1982)
                              D =  Dr. Henry Diaz, a compilation of data from Bulletin W, LCD, and NCDC Tape
                                   Deck 3220 (1983)
                              G =  Professor John Griffiths - primarily from Climatological Data

Most of these flags I ignore because they either won't change the annual averages or they are the consequence of an opinion. The only flag I care about is the I flag, meaning the reported Tmin is larger than the Tmax for that month. I'll report later how many flags there are in the example dataset I'll use.

Next up: Part 5: Preparing the Data

The US Temperature Record 3: Stations

Here are the stations used when calculating the contiguous US temperature trends:

Station ID   Lat.      Long.     Alt.(m) ST Name
USH00011084  31.05    -87.05     25.90   AL BREWTON 3 SSE                  
USH00012813  30.54    -87.88     7.00    AL FAIRHOPE 2 NE                  
USH00013160  32.83    -88.13     38.10   AL GAINESVILLE LOCK               
USH00013511  32.70    -87.58     67.10   AL GREENSBORO                     
USH00013816  31.87    -86.25     132.00  AL HIGHLAND HOME                  
USH00015749  34.74    -87.59     164.60  AL MUSCLE SHOALS AP               
USH00017157  34.17    -86.81     243.80  AL SAINT BERNARD                  
USH00017304  34.67    -86.05     187.50  AL SCOTTSBORO                     
USH00017366  32.41    -87.01     44.80   AL SELMA                          
USH00018024  33.41    -86.13     136.60  AL TALLADEGA                      
USH00018178  31.54    -87.88     118.90  AL THOMASVILLE                    
USH00018323  31.80    -85.97     165.20  AL TROY                           
USH00018380  33.21    -87.61     51.50   AL TUSCALOOSA ACFD                
USH00018438  32.01    -85.74     134.10  AL UNION SPRINGS 9 S              
USH00018469  34.56    -85.61     323.70  AL VALLEY HEAD                    
USH00020080  32.36    -112.86    539.50  AZ AJO                            
USH00021026  33.37    -112.58    271.30  AZ BUCKEYE                        
USH00021248  36.15    -109.53    1709.90 AZ CANYON DE CHELLY               
USH00021514  33.20    -111.68    434.30  AZ CHANDLER HEIGHTS               
USH00021614  34.34    -111.69    807.70  AZ CHILDS                         
USH00023160  35.26    -111.74    2239.40 AZ FT VALLEY                      
USH00023596  36.05    -112.15    2068.10 AZ GRAND CANYON NP 2              
USH00024089  34.90    -110.15    1549.90 AZ HOLBROOK                       
USH00024645  35.20    -114.01    1078.70 AZ KINGMAN #2                     
USH00024849  36.86    -111.60    978.40  AZ LEES FERRY                     
USH00025512  33.40    -110.87    1085.10 AZ MIAMI                          
USH00026250  34.15    -114.28    128.00  AZ PARKER                         
USH00026353  31.93    -109.83    1325.90 AZ PEARCE SUNSITES                
USH00026796  34.57    -112.43    1586.50 AZ PRESCOTT                       
USH00027281  33.67    -111.15    672.10  AZ ROOSEVELT 1 WNW                
USH00027370  33.08    -111.74    391.70  AZ SACATON                        
USH00027390  32.81    -109.68    900.40  AZ SAFFORD AGRICULTRL CTR         
USH00027435  34.51    -109.40    1764.80 AZ SAINT JOHNS                    
USH00027716  35.33    -112.87    1600.20 AZ SELIGMAN                       
USH00028619  31.70    -110.05    1405.10 AZ TOMBSTONE                      
USH00028815  32.22    -110.95    742.20  AZ TUCSON WFO                     
USH00029271  33.81    -109.98    1560.60 AZ WHITERIVER 1 SW                
USH00029287  33.97    -112.74    638.60  AZ WICKENBURG                     
USH00029359  35.24    -112.19    2057.40 AZ WILLIAMS                       
USH00029652  32.61    -114.63    58.20   AZ YUMA CITRUS STN                
USH00030936  34.88    -91.21     56.40   AR BRINKLEY                       
USH00031596  35.08    -92.42     96.00   AR CONWAY                         
USH00031632  36.41    -90.58     91.40   AR CORNING                        
USH00032356  36.41    -93.79     432.80  AR EUREKA SPRINGS 3 WNW           
USH00032444  36.10    -94.17     387.10  AR FAYETTEVILLE EXP STN           
USH00032930  36.42    -94.44     384.00  AR GRAVETTE                       
USH00034572  36.49    -91.53     153.00  AR MAMMOTH SPRING                 
USH00034756  34.57    -94.24     344.40  AR MENA                           
USH00035186  35.60    -91.27     69.50   AR NEWPORT                        
USH00035512  35.51    -93.86     253.00  AR OZARK 2                        
USH00035754  34.22    -92.01     65.50   AR PINE BLUFF                     
USH00035820  36.26    -90.96     96.00   AR POCAHONTAS 1                   
USH00035908  33.82    -93.38     93.90   AR PRESCOTT 2 NNW                 
USH00036253  33.81    -91.27     45.70   AR ROHWER 2 NNE                   
USH00036928  35.30    -93.63     152.40  AR SUBIACO                        
USH00040693  37.87    -122.25    94.50   CA BERKELEY                       
USH00040924  33.61    -114.59    81.70   CA BLYTHE                         
USH00041048  32.95    -115.55    -30.50  CA BRAWLEY 2 SW                   
USH00041614  41.53    -120.17    1423.40 CA CEDARVILLE                     
USH00041715  39.69    -121.82    56.40   CA CHICO UNIV FARM                
USH00041758  32.64    -117.08    17.10   CA CHULA VISTA                    
USH00041912  39.09    -120.94    725.40  CA COLFAX                         
USH00042239  32.98    -116.58    1414.30 CA CUYAMACA                       
USH00042294  38.53    -121.77    18.30   CA DAVIS 2 WSW EXP                
USH00042319  36.46    -116.86    -59.10  CA DEATH VALLEY                   
USH00042728  38.33    -120.67    217.90  CA ELECTRA P H                    
USH00042910  40.80    -124.16    6.10    CA EUREKA WFO WOODLEY IS          
USH00042941  34.70    -118.42    932.70  CA FAIRMONT                       
USH00043161  39.50    -123.75    37.50   CA FT BRAGG 5 N                   
USH00043257  36.78    -119.71    101.50  CA FRESNO YOSEMITE AP             
USH00043747  36.32    -119.63    74.70   CA HANFORD 1 S                    
USH00043761  41.80    -123.37    341.40  CA HAPPY CAMP RS                  
USH00043875  38.61    -122.87    32.90   CA HEALDSBURG                     
USH00044232  36.79    -118.20    1204.00 CA INDEPENDENCE                   
USH00044259  33.70    -116.21    -6.40   CA INDIO FIRE STN                 
USH00044713  39.31    -120.63    1571.50 CA LAKE SPAULDING                 
USH00044890  36.38    -119.02    156.40  CA LEMON COVE                     
USH00044997  37.69    -121.76    146.30  CA LIVERMORE                      
USH00045032  38.10    -121.28    12.20   CA LODI                           
USH00045385  39.14    -121.58    17.40   CA MARYSVILLE                     
USH00045532  37.28    -120.51    46.60   CA MERCED                         
USH00045983  41.32    -122.30    1094.20 CA MT SHASTA                      
USH00046074  38.27    -122.26    10.70   CA NAPA STATE HOSPITAL            
USH00046118  34.76    -114.61    271.30  CA NEEDLES AP                     
USH00046175  33.60    -117.88    3.00    CA NEWPORT BEACH HARBOR           
USH00046399  34.44    -119.22    227.10  CA OJAI                           
USH00046506  39.74    -122.19    77.40   CA ORLAND                         
USH00046508  41.30    -123.53    122.80  CA ORLEANS                        
USH00046719  34.14    -118.14    263.30  CA PASADENA                       
USH00046730  35.62    -120.68    213.40  CA PASO ROBLES                    
USH00046826  38.25    -122.60    6.10    CA PETALUMA AP                    
USH00047195  39.93    -120.94    1042.40 CA QUINCY                         
USH00047304  40.51    -122.29    151.50  CA REDDING MUNI AP                
USH00047306  34.05    -117.18    401.70  CA REDLANDS                       
USH00047851  35.30    -120.66    96.00   CA SAN LUIS OBISPO POLY           
USH00047902  34.41    -119.68    1.50    CA SANTA BARBARA                  
USH00047916  36.99    -121.99    39.60   CA SANTA CRUZ                     
USH00047965  38.43    -122.69    53.00   CA SANTA ROSA                     
USH00048702  40.41    -120.66    1275.30 CA SUSANVILLE 2SW                 
USH00048758  39.16    -120.14    1898.90 CA TAHOE CITY                     
USH00048839  35.02    -118.74    434.30  CA TEJON RANCHO                   
USH00049087  33.70    -117.75    71.60   CA TUSTIN IRVINE RCH              
USH00049122  39.14    -123.21    193.90  CA UKIAH                          
USH00049200  38.39    -121.96    33.50   CA VACAVILLE                      
USH00049452  35.59    -119.35    105.20  CA WASCO                          
USH00049490  40.72    -122.93    599.80  CA WEAVERVILLE                    
USH00049699  39.52    -122.30    71.00   CA WILLOWS 6 W                    
USH00049855  37.75    -119.58    1224.70 CA YOSEMITE PARK HQ               
USH00049866  41.70    -122.64    800.10  CA YREKA                          
USH00050848  39.99    -105.26    1671.50 CO BOULDER                        
USH00051294  38.46    -105.22    1635.60 CO CANON CITY                     
USH00051528  39.22    -105.27    2097.00 CO CHEESMAN                       
USH00051564  38.82    -102.34    1295.40 CO CHEYENNE WELLS                 
USH00051741  39.24    -107.96    1822.70 CO COLLBRAN                       
USH00052184  37.67    -106.32    2396.90 CO DEL NORTE 2E                   
USH00052281  39.62    -106.03    2763.00 CO DILLON 1 E                     
USH00052446  38.47    -102.78    1284.70 CO EADS                           
USH00053005  40.61    -105.13    1525.20 CO FT COLLINS                     
USH00053038  40.26    -103.81    1328.60 CO FT MORGAN                      
USH00053146  39.16    -108.73    1378.90 CO FRUITA                         
USH00053662  38.52    -106.96    2323.80 CO GUNNISON 3SW                   
USH00053951  37.77    -107.10    2757.80 CO HERMIT 7 ESE                   
USH00054076  38.04    -102.12    1033.30 CO HOLLY                          
USH00054770  38.09    -102.63    1105.50 CO LAMAR                          
USH00054834  38.06    -103.21    1185.70 CO LAS ANIMAS                     
USH00055322  37.17    -105.93    2343.90 CO MANASSA                        
USH00055722  38.48    -107.87    1764.50 CO MONTROSE #2                    
USH00057167  38.03    -103.69    1271.00 CO ROCKY FORD 2 SE                
USH00057337  38.08    -106.14    2347.30 CO SAGUACHE                       
USH00057936  40.48    -106.82    2094.00 CO STEAMBOAT SPRINGS              
USH00058204  37.94    -107.87    2643.20 CO TELLURIDE 4WNW                 
USH00058429  37.17    -104.48    1837.90 CO TRINIDAD                       
USH00059243  40.05    -102.21    1121.70 CO WRAY                           
USH00062658  41.95    -73.36     167.60  CT FALLS VILLAGE                  
USH00063207  41.35    -72.03     12.20   CT GROTON                         
USH00067970  41.12    -73.54     57.90   CT STAMFORD 5 N                   
USH00068138  41.79    -72.22     198.10  CT STORRS                         
USH00072730  39.25    -75.51     9.10    DE DOVER                          
USH00073595  38.81    -75.57     13.70   DE GREENWOOD 2NE                  
USH00075915  38.89    -75.42     10.70   DE MILFORD 2 SE                   
USH00076410  39.66    -75.75     27.40   DE NEWARK UNIV FARM               
USH00079605  39.77    -75.54     82.30   DE WILMINGTON PORTER RES          
USH00080211  29.72    -85.02     6.10    FL APALACHICOLA AP                
USH00080228  27.21    -81.87     9.10    FL ARCADIA                        
USH00080478  27.89    -81.84     38.10   FL BARTOW                         
USH00080611  26.69    -80.67     6.10    FL BELLE GLADE                    
USH00082220  30.72    -86.09     74.70   FL DE FUNIAK SPRINGS 1            
USH00082850  25.84    -81.38     1.50    FL EVERGLADES                     
USH00082915  29.75    -81.53     1.50    FL FEDERAL POINT                  
USH00082944  30.65    -81.46     4.00    FL FERNANDINA BEACH               
USH00083163  26.10    -80.20     4.90    FL FT LAUDERDALE                  
USH00083186  26.58    -81.86     4.60    FL FT MYERS PAGE FLD              
USH00083207  27.46    -80.35     7.60    FL FT PIERCE                      
USH00084289  28.80    -82.31     12.20   FL INVERNESS 3 SE                 
USH00084570  24.55    -81.75     1.20    FL KEY WEST INTL AP               
USH00084731  30.18    -82.59     59.40   FL LAKE CITY 2 E                  
USH00085275  30.45    -83.41     36.60   FL MADISON                        
USH00086414  29.08    -82.07     22.90   FL OCALA                          
USH00086997  30.47    -87.18     34.10   FL PENSACOLA RGNL AP              
USH00087020  25.58    -80.43     3.00    FL PERRINE 4W                     
USH00087851  28.33    -82.26     57.90   FL SAINT LEO                      
USH00088758  30.39    -84.35     16.80   FL TALLAHASSEE WSO AP             
USH00088824  28.15    -82.76     2.40    FL TARPON SPGS SEWAGE PL          
USH00088942  28.62    -80.81     1.50    FL TITUSVILLE                     
USH00090140  31.53    -84.14     54.90   GA ALBANY 3 SE                    
USH00090586  30.82    -84.61     57.90   GA BAINBRIDGE INTL PAPER          
USH00091340  31.16    -81.50     4.00    GA BRUNSWICK                      
USH00091500  31.19    -84.20     53.30   GA CAMILLA 3SE                    
USH00092318  33.59    -83.84     234.40  GA COVINGTON                      
USH00092475  34.52    -83.99     475.50  GA DAHLONEGA                      
USH00092966  32.20    -83.20     121.90  GA EASTMAN 1 W                    
USH00093621  34.30    -83.86     356.60  GA GAINESVILLE                    
USH00093754  31.98    -81.95     61.00   GA GLENNVILLE 3NW                 
USH00094170  33.28    -83.46     74.70   GA HAWKINSVILLE                   
USH00095874  33.08    -83.24     112.20  GA MILLEDGEVILLE                  
USH00095882  32.87    -81.96     59.40   GA MILLEN 4 N                     
USH00096335  33.45    -84.81     272.50  GA NEWNAN 5N                      
USH00097276  30.78    -83.56     56.40   GA QUITMAN 2 NW                   
USH00097600  34.24    -85.15     200.90  GA ROME                           
USH00097847  32.13    -81.21     14.00   GA SAVANNAH INTL AP               
USH00098535  32.68    -84.51     195.10  GA TALBOTTON                      
USH00098703  31.44    -83.47     115.80  GA TIFTON                         
USH00098740  34.57    -83.33     308.50  GA TOCCOA                         
USH00099141  33.40    -82.62     149.40  GA WARRENTON                      
USH00099157  33.72    -82.70     189.00  GA WASHINGTON 2 ESE               
USH00099186  31.25    -82.31     44.20   GA WAYCROSS 4 NE                  
USH00099291  32.86    -85.18     175.30  GA WEST POINT                     
USH00100010  42.95    -112.82    1342.60 ID ABERDEEN EXP STN               
USH00100448  43.59    -115.92    986.00  ID ARROWROCK DAM                  
USH00100470  44.04    -111.27    1588.60 ID ASHTON 1N                      
USH00100803  42.33    -111.38    1817.80 ID BERN                           
USH00101408  44.57    -116.67    807.70  ID CAMBRIDGE                      
USH00101956  47.67    -116.80    650.10  ID COEUR D'ALENE                  
USH00102845  46.50    -116.32    303.30  ID DWORSHAK FISH HATCHERY         
USH00103143  46.09    -115.53    475.50  ID FENN RS                        
USH00103631  42.94    -115.32    751.60  ID GLENNS FERRY                   
USH00103732  42.58    -111.72    1691.60 ID GRACE                          
USH00104140  42.59    -114.13    1237.50 ID HAZELTON                       
USH00104295  42.35    -114.57    1379.20 ID HOLLISTER                      
USH00104670  42.73    -114.51    1140.00 ID JEROME                         
USH00104831  47.53    -116.12    707.10  ID KELLOGG                        
USH00104845  43.68    -114.36    1795.30 ID KETCHUM RS                     
USH00105241  46.37    -117.01    437.70  ID LEWISTON AP                    
USH00105275  42.12    -111.31    1806.20 ID LIFTON PUMPING STN             
USH00105462  43.91    -113.63    1797.40 ID MACKAY LOST RIVER RS           
USH00105559  42.14    -112.28    1362.50 ID MALAD CITY                     
USH00105685  44.56    -113.89    1539.20 ID MAY 2SSE                       
USH00106152  46.72    -116.96    810.80  ID MOSCOW U OF I                  
USH00106305  43.60    -116.57    752.90  ID NAMPA SUGAR FACTORY            
USH00106388  44.96    -116.28    1179.60 ID NEW MEADOWS RS                 
USH00106542  42.23    -113.89    1389.60 ID OAKLEY                         
USH00106891  44.07    -116.92    655.30  ID PAYETTE                        
USH00107264  48.99    -116.50    541.00  ID PORTHILL                       
USH00107386  48.35    -116.83    725.40  ID PRIEST RIVER EXP STN           
USH00108080  45.18    -113.90    1198.20 ID SALMON-KSRA                    
USH00108137  48.29    -116.55    640.10  ID SANDPOINT EXP STN              
USH00110072  41.19    -90.74     219.50  IL ALEDO                          
USH00110187  37.48    -89.23     195.10  IL ANNA 2 NNE                     
USH00110338  41.78    -88.30     201.20  IL AURORA                         
USH00111280  39.28    -89.87     189.30  IL CARLINVILLE                    
USH00111436  39.47    -88.16     198.10  IL CHARLESTON                     
USH00112140  40.13    -87.64     170.10  IL DANVILLE                       
USH00112193  39.82    -88.95     189.00  IL DECATUR WTP                    
USH00112348  41.84    -89.50     213.40  IL DIXON 1 NW                     
USH00112483  37.98    -89.19     128.00  IL DU QUOIN 4 SE                  
USH00113335  41.17    -90.03     246.90  IL GALVA                          
USH00113879  37.74    -88.52     111.30  IL HARRISBURG                     
USH00114108  39.15    -89.48     192.00  IL HILLSBORO                      
USH00114198  40.47    -87.65     216.40  IL HOOPESTON 1 NE                 
USH00114442  39.73    -90.19     185.90  IL JACKSONVILLE 2E                
USH00114823  40.58    -90.96     210.30  IL LA HARPE                       
USH00115079  40.15    -89.33     177.70  IL LINCOLN                        
USH00115326  42.29    -88.64     248.40  IL MARENGO                        
USH00115515  38.08    -88.54     135.90  IL MCLEANSBORO                    
USH00115712  40.91    -89.03     228.60  IL MINONK                         
USH00115768  40.92    -90.63     227.10  IL MONMOUTH                       
USH00115833  41.80    -89.97     183.80  IL MORRISON                       
USH00115901  42.09    -89.98     195.10  IL MT CARROLL                     
USH00115943  38.34    -88.85     149.40  IL MT VERNON 3 NE                 
USH00116446  38.70    -88.08     146.30  IL OLNEY 2S                       
USH00116526  41.32    -88.91     160.00  IL OTTAWA 5SW                     
USH00116558  39.00    -87.62     140.20  IL PALESTINE                      
USH00116579  39.37    -89.02     213.40  IL PANA 3E                        
USH00116610  39.63    -87.69     207.30  IL PARIS WTR WKS                  
USH00116738  39.80    -90.82     198.10  IL PERRY 6 NW                     
USH00116910  40.88    -88.63     198.10  IL PONTIAC                        
USH00117551  40.11    -90.56     201.20  IL RUSHVILLE                      
USH00118147  38.11    -89.71     163.10  IL SPARTA 1 W                     
USH00118740  40.08    -88.24     219.80  IL URBANA                         
USH00118916  41.55    -89.59     210.30  IL WALNUT                         
USH00119241  39.44    -90.37     176.80  IL WHITE HALL 1 E                 
USH00119354  39.43    -88.59     210.30  IL WINDSOR                        
USH00120177  40.11    -85.71     257.60  IN ANDERSON SEWAGE PLT            
USH00120200  41.63    -84.98     307.80  IN ANGOLA                         
USH00120676  40.66    -84.93     265.20  IN BERNE WWTP                     
USH00120784  39.17    -86.52     253.00  IN BLOOMINGTON IN UNIV            
USH00121030  39.42    -85.01     192.00  IN BROOKVILLE                     
USH00121229  39.86    -85.18     304.80  IN CAMBRIDGE CITY 3 N             
USH00121425  38.48    -85.70     167.60  IN CHARLESTOWN 5 NNW              
USH00121747  39.19    -85.92     189.30  IN COLUMBUS                       
USH00121873  40.00    -86.80     256.00  IN CRAWFORDSVILLE 6 SE            
USH00122149  40.61    -86.66     169.50  IN DELPHI 2 N                     
USH00123418  41.55    -85.88     266.70  IN GOSHEN 3SW                     
USH00123513  39.64    -86.87     224.00  IN GREENCASTLE 1 W                
USH00123527  39.78    -85.76     263.70  IN GREENFIELD                     
USH00124008  41.54    -87.28     195.10  IN HOBART 2 WNW                   
USH00124181  40.85    -85.49     221.00  IN HUNTINGTON                     
USH00124837  41.61    -86.72     257.60  IN LAPORTE                        
USH00125237  38.73    -85.39     140.20  IN MADISON SEWAGE PLT             
USH00125337  40.58    -85.65     240.80  IN MARION 2 N                     
USH00126001  37.92    -87.89     108.80  IN MT VERNON                      
USH00126580  38.88    -86.55     198.10  IN OOLITIC PURDUE EX FRM          
USH00126705  38.55    -86.48     170.70  IN PAOLI                          
USH00127125  38.35    -87.59     146.30  IN PRINCETON 1 W                  
USH00127298  40.93    -87.15     198.10  IN RENSSELAER                     
USH00127482  41.06    -86.20     234.70  IN ROCHESTER                      
USH00127522  39.75    -87.22     211.20  IN ROCKVILLE                      
USH00127646  39.60    -85.45     292.60  IN RUSHVILLE                      
USH00127755  38.61    -86.08     243.80  IN SALEM                          
USH00127875  38.68    -85.78     173.70  IN SCOTTSBURG                     
USH00127935  38.98    -85.98     173.70  IN SEYMOUR 2 N                    
USH00128036  38.55    -86.79     154.20  IN SHOALS 8 S                     
USH00129080  38.74    -85.07     150.90  IN VEVAY                          
USH00129113  38.73    -87.48     137.20  IN VINCENNES 5 NE                 
USH00129253  38.64    -87.19     152.40  IN WASHINGTON 1 W                 
USH00129511  41.19    -87.05     202.70  IN WHEATFIELD                     
USH00129557  39.99    -86.35     289.00  IN WHITESTOWN                     
USH00129670  41.02    -86.58     210.30  IN WINAMAC 2SSE                   
USH00130112  41.06    -92.78     268.20  IA ALBIA 3 NNE                    
USH00130133  43.06    -94.30     377.60  IA ALGONA 3 W                     
USH00130600  41.88    -92.27     246.90  IA BELLE PLAINE                   
USH00131402  43.07    -92.67     309.10  IA CHARLES CITY                   
USH00131533  40.72    -95.01     298.70  IA CLARINDA                       
USH00131635  41.79    -90.26     178.30  IA CLINTON #1                     
USH00132724  43.43    -94.82     396.80  IA ESTHERVILLE 2 N                
USH00132789  41.02    -91.95     225.60  IA FAIRFIELD                      
USH00132864  42.85    -91.81     344.40  IA FAYETTE                        
USH00132977  43.28    -93.63     396.20  IA FOREST CITY 2 NNE              
USH00132999  42.58    -94.20     347.50  IA FORT DODGE 5NNW                
USH00134063  41.36    -93.64     287.10  IA INDIANOLA 2W                   
USH00134142  42.51    -93.25     344.40  IA IOWA FALLS                     
USH00134735  42.78    -96.14     364.20  IA LE MARS                        
USH00134894  41.63    -95.78     301.80  IA LOGAN                          
USH00135769  40.70    -94.24     359.70  IA MT AYR                         
USH00135796  40.94    -91.56     222.50  IA MT PLEASANT 1 SSW              
USH00135952  43.04    -92.31     349.90  IA NEW HAMPTON                    
USH00137147  43.43    -96.16     411.50  IA ROCK RAPIDS                    
USH00137161  42.39    -94.62     364.20  IA ROCKWELL CITY                  
USH00137979  42.63    -95.16     434.30  IA STORM LAKE 2 E                 
USH00138296  42.03    -92.58     289.30  IA TOLEDO 3N                      
USH00138688  41.28    -91.70     210.30  IA WASHINGTON                     
USH00140264  37.15    -98.02     408.40  KS ANTHONY                        
USH00140365  37.19    -99.76     600.50  KS ASHLAND                        
USH00140405  39.57    -95.11     288.00  KS ATCHISON                       
USH00141704  37.27    -99.32     634.90  KS COLDWATER                      
USH00141740  37.17    -94.83     275.80  KS COLUMBUS                       
USH00141867  38.67    -96.50     402.30  KS COUNCIL GROVE LAKE             
USH00142401  37.81    -96.84     393.20  KS EL DORADO                      
USH00142459  38.72    -98.22     466.30  KS ELLSWORTH                      
USH00142835  37.84    -94.70     257.60  KS FT SCOTT                       
USH00143527  38.85    -99.33     612.60  KS HAYS 1 S                       
USH00143810  39.67    -95.52     313.90  KS HORTON                         
USH00143954  37.23    -95.70     245.40  KS INDEPENDENCE                   
USH00144087  38.19    -99.91     740.70  KS JETMORE 8NNW                   
USH00144464  37.94    -101.24    913.80  KS LAKIN                          
USH00144530  38.18    -99.09     608.10  KS LARNED                         
USH00144559  38.95    -95.25     306.30  KS LAWRENCE                       
USH00144588  39.32    -94.91     265.20  KS LEAVENWORTH                    
USH00144695  37.02    -100.92    863.80  KS LIBERAL                        
USH00144972  39.19    -96.58     324.60  KS MANHATTAN                      
USH00145152  38.37    -97.60     463.30  KS MCPHERSON                      
USH00145173  37.27    -98.58     448.10  KS MEDICINE LODGE                 
USH00145363  39.12    -97.70     402.90  KS MINNEAPOLIS                    
USH00145856  39.74    -99.83     719.30  KS NORTON 9SSE                    
USH00145906  39.81    -100.53    795.50  KS OBERLIN                        
USH00145972  38.88    -94.76     321.60  KS OLATHE 3E                      
USH00146128  38.61    -95.28     280.10  KS OTTAWA                         
USH00147093  39.76    -101.80    1024.70 KS SAINT FRANCIS                  
USH00147271  38.48    -100.91    905.30  KS SCOTT CITY                     
USH00147305  37.13    -96.18     274.30  KS SEDAN                          
USH00147542  39.77    -98.77     542.50  KS SMITH CTR                      
USH00148495  39.02    -99.88     749.80  KS WAKEENEY                       
USH00150254  38.45    -82.61     170.70  KY ASHLAND                        
USH00150381  36.88    -83.88     301.80  KY BARBOURVILLE                   
USH00150619  37.57    -84.29     326.10  KY BEREA COLLEGE                  
USH00150909  36.96    -86.42     160.90  KY BOWLING GREEN RGNL AP          
USH00152791  38.11    -83.55     207.30  KY FARMERS 2 S                    
USH00153028  38.20    -84.88     140.80  KY FRANKFORT DOWNTOWN             
USH00153430  37.25    -85.50     179.80  KY GREENSBURG                     
USH00153762  37.75    -87.64     136.90  KY HENDERSON 8 SSW                
USH00153994  36.84    -87.52     158.50  KY HOPKINSVILLE                   
USH00154703  37.51    -86.28     189.00  KY LEITCHFIELD 2 N                
USH00157324  38.20    -85.20     222.50  KY SHELBYVILLE 1 E                
USH00158709  36.73    -84.15     286.50  KY WILLIAMSBURG                   
USH00158714  38.65    -84.61     286.50  KY WILLIAMSTOWN 3 W               
USH00160098  31.32    -92.46     26.50   LA ALEXANDRIA                     
USH00160205  30.70    -90.52     51.80   LA AMITE                          
USH00160537  32.76    -92.00     45.70   LA BASTROP                        
USH00160549  30.53    -91.14     19.50   LA BATON ROUGE METRO AP           
USH00161287  30.95    -92.17     24.40   LA BUNKIE                         
USH00161411  32.51    -92.34     54.90   LA CALHOUN RSCH STN               
USH00162151  30.52    -90.11     12.20   LA COVINGTON 4 NNW                
USH00162534  30.07    -91.02     9.10    LA DONALDSONVILLE 4 SW            
USH00163313  29.82    -91.54     3.70    LA FRANKLIN 3 NW                  
USH00163800  30.41    -92.04     16.80   LA GRAND COTEAU                   
USH00164407  29.58    -90.73     4.60    LA HOUMA                          
USH00164700  30.20    -92.66     7.60    LA JENNINGS                       
USH00165026  30.20    -91.98     11.60   LA LAFAYETTE FCWOS                
USH00166664  29.91    -90.13     6.10    LA NEW ORLEANS AUDUBON            
USH00167344  32.90    -93.79     88.40   LA PLAIN DEALING 4 W              
USH00168163  31.94    -91.23     23.80   LA ST JOSEPH 3 N                  
USH00169013  29.77    -90.78     4.60    LA THIBODAUX 3 ESE                
USH00169806  32.09    -91.70     24.40   LA WINNSBORO 5 SSE                
USH00170100  44.37    -68.25     143.30  ME ACADIA NP                      
USH00170814  45.66    -69.81     323.10  ME BRASSUA DAM                    
USH00171628  44.91    -69.24     90.50   ME CORINNA                        
USH00172426  44.90    -66.99     25.90   ME EASTPORT                       
USH00172765  44.68    -70.15     128.00  ME FARMINGTON                     
USH00173046  44.22    -69.78     42.70   ME GARDINER                       
USH00173944  46.20    -67.84     118.90  ME HOULTON 5N                     
USH00174566  44.10    -70.21     54.90   ME LEWISTON                       
USH00175304  45.65    -68.70     109.70  ME MILLINOCKET                    
USH00176905  43.64    -70.30     13.70   ME PORTLAND JETPORT               
USH00176937  46.65    -68.00     182.60  ME PRESQUE ISLE                   
USH00179891  45.15    -67.40     42.70   ME WOODLAND                       
USH00180700  39.03    -76.93     44.20   MD BELTSVILLE                     
USH00181385  38.56    -76.06     3.00    MD CAMBRIDGE WATER TRMT P         
USH00181750  39.21    -76.05     12.20   MD CHESTERTOWN                    
USH00182282  39.64    -78.75     222.50  MD CUMBERLAND 2                   
USH00182523  38.88    -75.80     14.90   MD DENTON 2 E                     
USH00183675  38.96    -76.80     45.70   MD GLENN DALE BELL STN            
USH00185111  39.08    -76.90     121.90  MD LAUREL 3 W                     
USH00185718  39.28    -76.61     6.10    MD MD SCI CTR BALTIMORE           
USH00185985  39.27    -75.87     9.10    MD MILLINGTON 1 SE                
USH00186620  39.41    -79.40     737.60  MD OAKLAND 1 SE                   
USH00186770  38.68    -76.66     48.80   MD OWINGS FERRY LANDING           
USH00187330  38.21    -75.68     6.10    MD PRINCESS ANNE                  
USH00187806  38.71    -76.18     3.00    MD ROYAL OAK 2 SSW                
USH00188000  38.36    -75.58     3.00    MD SALISBURY                      
USH00189440  39.55    -76.96     233.20  MD WESTMINSTER POL BRKS           
USH00189750  39.33    -76.86     140.20  MD WOODSTOCK                      
USH00190120  42.38    -72.53     45.70   MA AMHERST                        
USH00190535  42.48    -71.28     48.80   MA BEDFORD                        
USH00190736  42.21    -71.11     192.00  MA BLUE HILL                      
USH00193213  42.14    -73.41     249.00  MA GREAT BARRINGTON 5 SW          
USH00194105  42.69    -71.16     15.20   MA LAWRENCE                       
USH00195246  41.63    -70.93     21.30   MA NEW BEDFORD                    
USH00196486  41.98    -70.69     13.70   MA PLYMOUTH-KINGSTON              
USH00196681  42.05    -70.18     6.10    MA PROVINCETOWN                   
USH00196783  42.52    -71.12     27.40   MA READING                        
USH00198367  41.90    -71.06     6.10    MA TAUNTON                        
USH00198757  42.16    -71.24     50.30   MA WALPOLE 2                      
USH00199316  42.13    -71.43     64.00   MA WEST MEDWAY                    
USH00200032  41.91    -84.01     231.60  MI ADRIAN 2 NNE                   
USH00200128  42.58    -85.78     228.60  MI ALLEGAN 5NE                    
USH00200146  43.38    -84.64     224.00  MI ALMA                           
USH00200230  42.29    -83.71     274.30  MI ANN ARBOR U OF                 
USH00200779  43.70    -85.48     283.50  MI BIG RAPIDS WTR WKS             
USH00201439  46.51    -87.98     487.40  MI CHAMPION VAN RIPER PK          
USH00201486  46.34    -86.92     265.20  MI CHATHAM EXP FARM 2             
USH00201492  45.65    -84.47     179.20  MI CHEBOYGAN                      
USH00201675  41.96    -84.99     299.90  MI COLDWATER ST SCHOOL            
USH00202423  44.28    -83.50     178.60  MI EAST TAWAS                     
USH00202737  45.66    -86.71     227.10  MI FAYETTE 4 SW                   
USH00203632  43.67    -86.42     234.70  MI HART 3 WSW                     
USH00203823  41.93    -84.64     329.20  MI HILLSDALE                      
USH00204090  45.78    -88.08     326.40  MI IRON MT KINGSFORD WWTP         
USH00204104  46.46    -90.18     435.90  MI IRONWOOD                       
USH00204244  42.28    -85.60     289.60  MI KALAMAZOO STATE HOSP           
USH00205434  43.60    -84.20     195.10  MI MIDLAND                        
USH00205650  42.60    -82.81     176.80  MI MT CLEMENS ANG BASE            
USH00205662  43.58    -84.76     242.60  MI MT PLEASANT UNIV               
USH00205690  46.41    -86.66     207.30  MI MUNISING                       
USH00205816  46.31    -85.51     259.10  MI NEWBERRY 3S                    
USH00206300  43.01    -84.18     222.50  MI OWOSSO WWTP                    
USH00207690  42.40    -86.28     189.00  MI SOUTH HAVEN                    
USH00207812  46.05    -88.62     442.00  MI STAMBAUGH 2SSE                 
USH00210018  47.29    -96.51     276.50  MN ADA                            
USH00210075  43.60    -93.30     374.90  MN ALBERT LEA 3 SE                
USH00210252  48.33    -96.82     258.20  MN ARGYLE                         
USH00210515  48.70    -94.58     323.70  MN BAUDETTE                       
USH00211465  44.80    -93.58     219.50  MN CHASKA                         
USH00211630  46.70    -92.52     385.60  MN CLOQUET                        
USH00212142  46.83    -95.83     413.00  MN DETROIT LAKES 1 NNE            
USH00212645  47.45    -92.53     440.40  MN EVELETH WWTP                   
USH00212698  43.64    -94.46     361.80  MN FAIRMONT                       
USH00212737  44.66    -93.17     298.70  MN FARMINGTON 3 NW                
USH00212916  47.56    -95.72     399.30  MN FOSSTON 1 E                    
USH00213290  43.70    -92.56     411.50  MN GRAND MEADOW                   
USH00213303  47.24    -93.49     399.30  MN GRAND RPDS FOREST LAB          
USH00214106  47.22    -95.19     454.20  MN ITASCA UNIV OF MINN            
USH00214652  47.24    -94.22     396.80  MN LEECH LAKE                     
USH00215175  47.63    -93.65     422.80  MN MARCELL 5NE                    
USH00215400  45.12    -95.92     310.90  MN MILAN 1 NW                     
USH00215435  44.88    -93.22     265.80  MN MINNEAPOLIS/ST PAUL AP         
USH00215563  44.93    -95.75     300.20  MN MONTEVIDEO 1 SW                
USH00215615  45.87    -93.31     310.30  MN MORA                           
USH00215638  45.59    -95.87     347.50  MN MORRIS WC EXP STN              
USH00215887  44.30    -94.48     271.30  MN NEW ULM 2 SE                   
USH00216152  44.76    -94.92     335.30  MN OLIVIA 3E                      
USH00216360  46.90    -95.06     437.10  MN PARK RAPIDS 2 S                
USH00216547  46.66    -94.10     381.00  MN PINE RIVER DAM                 
USH00216565  44.01    -96.32     519.70  MN PIPESTONE                      
USH00217087  48.84    -95.76     319.10  MN ROSEAU                         
USH00217405  44.32    -93.96     259.10  MN ST PETER                       
USH00217460  46.79    -93.32     376.10  MN SANDY LAKE DAM LIBBY           
USH00218419  47.02    -91.66     190.50  MN TWO HARBORS                    
USH00218618  47.07    -94.57     429.80  MN WALKER AH GWAH CHING           
USH00219046  43.76    -94.18     338.30  MN WINNEBAGO                      
USH00219249  44.29    -92.66     300.20  MN ZUMBROTA                       
USH00220021  33.83    -88.52     60.40   MS ABERDEEN                       
USH00220488  34.30    -89.98     67.10   MS BATESVILLE 2 SW                
USH00220955  34.66    -88.57     149.40  MS BOONEVILLE                     
USH00221094  31.54    -90.45     132.60  MS BROOKHAVEN CITY                
USH00221389  32.67    -90.03     76.20   MS CANTON 4N                      
USH00221707  34.18    -90.55     52.70   MS CLARKSDALE                     
USH00221865  31.25    -89.83     45.70   MS COLUMBIA                       
USH00221880  33.46    -88.38     44.20   MS COLUMBUS                       
USH00221962  34.87    -88.61     117.30  MS CORINTH 7 SW                   
USH00222094  31.94    -90.37     148.40  MS CRYSTAL SPGS EXP STN           
USH00223107  32.36    -89.42     137.20  MS FOREST                         
USH00223605  33.35    -91.06     38.10   MS GREENVILLE                     
USH00223887  31.25    -89.33     117.30  MS HATTIESBURG 5SW                
USH00223975  34.81    -89.98     115.80  MS HERNANDO                       
USH00224173  34.82    -89.43     147.20  MS HOLLY SPRINGS 4 N              
USH00224776  33.05    -89.57     125.00  MS KOSCIUSKO                      
USH00224939  31.67    -89.12     68.60   MS LAUREL                         
USH00225247  33.13    -89.07     177.10  MS LOUISVILLE                     
USH00225987  31.55    -90.10     58.20   MS MONTICELLO                     
USH00226009  33.45    -90.50     35.70   MS MOORHEAD                       
USH00226177  31.58    -91.34     59.40   MS NATCHEZ                        
USH00226718  30.39    -88.47     3.70    MS PASCAGOULA 3 NE                
USH00227111  34.13    -88.99     123.40  MS PONTOTOC EXP STN               
USH00227128  30.84    -89.54     95.40   MS POPLARVILLE EXP STN            
USH00227132  31.98    -90.97     36.60   MS PORT GIBSON 1 NE               
USH00228374  33.46    -88.78     56.40   MS STATE UNIV                     
USH00229079  34.38    -89.53     124.40  MS UNIVERSITY                     
USH00229400  34.15    -89.63     94.50   MS WATER VALLEY                   
USH00229426  30.29    -89.38     2.40    MS WAVELAND                       
USH00229439  31.67    -88.67     61.00   MS WAYNESBORO 2 W                 
USH00229793  31.09    -91.23     121.90  MS WOODVILLE 4 ESE                
USH00229860  32.90    -90.38     32.60   MS YAZOO CITY 5 NNE               
USH00230204  38.18    -94.02     259.70  MO APPLETON CITY                  
USH00230856  39.34    -91.17     270.40  MO BOWLING GREEN 1 E              
USH00231037  39.42    -93.13     201.80  MO BRUNSWICK                      
USH00231364  36.16    -89.66     82.30   MO CARUTHERSVILLE                 
USH00231711  38.39    -93.77     234.70  MO CLINTON                        
USH00231822  40.23    -94.68     337.70  MO CONCEPTION                     
USH00232289  36.62    -90.81     88.10   MO DONIPHAN                       
USH00232809  37.79    -90.41     282.90  MO FARMINGTON                     
USH00234271  38.58    -92.18     204.20  MO JEFFERSON CITY WTP             
USH00234705  37.49    -94.26     298.70  MO LAMAR                          
USH00234825  37.68    -92.69     389.80  MO LEBANON 2W                     
USH00234850  38.88    -94.33     304.80  MO LEES SUMMIT REED WR            
USH00234904  39.18    -93.85     251.50  MO LEXINGTON 3E                   
USH00235027  37.39    -93.94     326.10  MO LOCKWOOD                       
USH00235253  37.30    -89.96     118.90  MO MARBLE HILL                    
USH00235541  39.17    -91.88     244.40  MO MEXICO                         
USH00235671  39.41    -92.43     262.10  MO MOBERLY                        
USH00235834  37.15    -92.26     442.00  MO MTN GROVE 2 N                  
USH00235976  36.86    -94.36     308.20  MO NEOSHO                         
USH00237263  37.95    -91.77     355.70  MO ROLLA UNI OF MISSOURI          
USH00237963  40.24    -93.71     266.70  MO SPICKARD 7 W                   
USH00238051  39.97    -91.88     210.30  MO STEFFENVILLE                   
USH00238223  38.96    -93.41     205.70  MO SWEET SPRINGS                  
USH00238466  38.25    -93.39     192.60  MO TRUMAN DAM & RSVR              
USH00238523  40.47    -93.00     323.10  MO UNIONVILLE                     
USH00238725  38.83    -91.13     252.10  MO WARRENTON 1 N                  
USH00240199  46.13    -112.95    1609.30 MT ANACONDA                       
USH00240364  47.49    -112.39    1240.50 MT AUGUSTA                        
USH00240780  45.83    -109.95    1249.70 MT BIG TIMBER                     
USH00241044  45.66    -111.04    1497.50 MT BOZEMAN MONTANA ST U           
USH00241552  47.21    -111.71    1024.10 MT CASCADE 5 S                    
USH00241722  48.58    -109.22    737.60  MT CHINOOK                        
USH00241737  47.82    -112.19    1172.00 MT CHOTEAU                        
USH00242173  48.60    -112.37    1169.80 MT CUT BANK AP                    
USH00242409  45.21    -112.64    1593.50 MT DILLON WMCE                    
USH00242689  45.89    -104.54    1043.90 MT EKALAKA                        
USH00242793  45.33    -111.71    1509.70 MT ENNIS                          
USH00243013  46.85    -108.31    954.90  MT FLATWILLOW 4 ENE               
USH00243089  48.77    -107.45    792.20  MT FORKS 4 NNE                    
USH00243110  48.49    -109.79    796.40  MT FT ASSINNIBOINE                
USH00243139  48.77    -114.89    914.40  MT FORTINE 1 N                    
USH00243558  48.21    -106.62    696.50  MT GLASGOW INTL AP                
USH00243581  47.10    -104.71    632.80  MT GLENDIVE                       
USH00243751  47.47    -111.38    1116.80 MT GREAT FALLS AP                 
USH00243885  46.25    -114.16    1080.50 MT HAMILTON                       
USH00244038  44.86    -111.33    1977.80 MT HEBGEN DAM                     
USH00244055  46.60    -111.96    1166.80 MT HELENA AP ASOS                 
USH00244345  45.92    -108.24    924.80  MT HUNTLEY EXP STN                
USH00244364  45.93    -107.13    944.90  MT HYSHAM 25 SSE                  
USH00244522  47.31    -106.91    798.60  MT JORDAN                         
USH00244558  48.30    -114.26    901.30  MT KALISPELL GLACIER AP           
USH00245015  48.40    -115.53    638.90  MT LIBBY 1 NE RS                  
USH00245080  45.48    -110.56    1484.40 MT LIVINGSTON 12 S                
USH00245338  48.39    -107.72    680.00  MT MALTA 7 E                      
USH00245572  48.48    -104.45    591.90  MT MEDICINE LAKE 3 SE             
USH00245668  46.76    -104.96    757.10  MT MILDRED 5 N                    
USH00245690  46.42    -105.88    799.80  MT MILES CITY AP                  
USH00245761  47.05    -109.95    1310.60 MT MOCCASIN EXP STN               
USH00246157  45.48    -111.63    1446.30 MT NORRIS MADISON PH              
USH00246472  46.31    -113.30    1606.30 MT PHILIPSBURG RS                 
USH00246601  46.41    -104.51    847.30  MT PLEVNA                         
USH00246918  45.17    -109.24    1718.20 MT RED LODGE                      
USH00247286  47.31    -114.09    883.90  MT SAINT IGNATIUS                 
USH00247318  47.30    -115.09    810.80  MT SAINT REGIS 1 NE               
USH00247382  47.45    -104.33    602.00  MT SAVAGE                         
USH00248501  48.30    -112.25    1161.30 MT VALIER                         
USH00248569  47.88    -105.36    696.20  MT VIDA 6 NE                      
USH00248597  45.29    -111.94    1759.60 MT VIRGINIA CITY                  
USH00248857  44.65    -111.10    2029.70 MT WEST YELLOWSTONE               
USH00248930  46.54    -110.90    1536.20 MT WHITE SULPHUR SPRNGS 2         
USH00250070  41.68    -98.00     545.60  NE ALBION                         
USH00250130  42.11    -102.89    1217.40 NE ALLIANCE 1WNW                  
USH00250375  41.04    -96.37     326.10  NE ASHLAND NO 2                   
USH00250420  42.51    -99.03     637.00  NE ATKINSON 3SW                   
USH00250435  40.37    -95.74     283.50  NE AUBURN 5 ESE                   
USH00250622  40.29    -96.75     395.30  NE BEATRICE 1N                    
USH00250640  40.13    -99.82     658.40  NE BEAVER CITY                    
USH00251145  41.66    -103.10    1117.40 NE BRIDGEPORT                     
USH00251200  41.40    -99.67     762.00  NE BROKEN BOW 2 W                 
USH00252020  40.61    -96.94     437.40  NE CRETE                          
USH00252100  40.67    -100.49    829.40  NE CURTIS 3NNE                    
USH00252205  41.24    -97.13     490.70  NE DAVID CITY                     
USH00252820  40.07    -97.16     411.50  NE FAIRBURY 5S                    
USH00252840  40.64    -97.59     499.90  NE FAIRMONT                       
USH00253035  40.10    -98.96     565.40  NE FRANKLIN                       
USH00253175  40.53    -97.59     496.80  NE GENEVA                         
USH00253185  41.45    -97.76     484.60  NE GENOA 2 W                      
USH00253365  40.94    -100.15    787.90  NE GOTHENBURG                     
USH00253615  42.68    -103.88    1478.30 NE HARRISON                       
USH00253630  42.61    -97.26     417.60  NE HARTINGTON                     
USH00253660  40.64    -98.38     591.30  NE HASTINGS 4N                    
USH00253715  42.51    -102.69    1159.80 NE HAY SPRINGS 12 S               
USH00253735  40.17    -97.59     451.10  NE HEBRON                         
USH00253910  40.45    -99.38     707.10  NE HOLDREGE                       
USH00254110  40.52    -101.65    999.70  NE IMPERIAL                       
USH00254440  41.24    -103.63    1435.00 NE KIMBALL 2NE                    
USH00254900  41.14    -102.63    1168.00 NE LODGEPOLE                      
USH00254985  41.28    -98.96     627.30  NE LOUP CITY                      
USH00255080  41.82    -97.45     481.60  NE MADISON                        
USH00255310  40.21    -100.62    796.10  NE MC COOK                        
USH00255470  42.91    -101.70    986.00  NE MERRIMAN                       
USH00255565  40.51    -98.95     658.40  NE MINDEN                         
USH00256040  41.49    -98.77     597.40  NE NORTH LOUP                     
USH00256135  42.06    -97.96     521.20  NE OAKDALE                        
USH00256570  40.12    -96.15     378.00  NE PAWNEE CITY                    
USH00256970  42.06    -100.24    819.90  NE PURDUM                         
USH00257070  40.09    -98.51     524.30  NE RED CLOUD                      
USH00257515  41.26    -98.46     541.00  NE SAINT PAUL 4N                  
USH00257715  40.90    -97.09     438.90  NE SEWARD                         
USH00258133  41.45    -100.59    911.40  NE STAPLETON 5W                   
USH00258395  40.68    -96.18     335.30  NE SYRACUSE                       
USH00258465  40.35    -96.19     338.30  NE TECUMSEH 1S                    
USH00258480  41.78    -96.22     338.30  NE TEKAMAH                        
USH00258915  42.26    -96.86     423.70  NE WAKEFIELD                      
USH00259090  40.86    -96.14     335.30  NE WEEPING WATER                  
USH00259510  40.86    -97.59     490.70  NE YORK                           
USH00260507  39.49    -117.06    2066.50 NV AUSTIN #2                      
USH00260691  40.61    -116.89    1373.10 NV BATTLE MOUNTAIN 4SE            
USH00261071  35.98    -114.84    762.00  NV BOULDER CITY                   
USH00262573  40.82    -115.78    1533.10 NV ELKO RGNL AP                   
USH00262780  39.45    -118.78    1208.50 NV FALLON EXP STN                 
USH00263245  40.95    -117.49    1339.30 NV GOLCONDA                       
USH00264698  40.19    -118.47    1211.60 NV LOVELOCK                       
USH00264950  39.41    -114.77    1911.10 NV MCGILL                         
USH00265168  38.38    -118.10    1391.70 NV MINA                           
USH00266779  39.48    -119.77    1344.20 NV RENO AP                        
USH00267369  35.46    -114.92    1079.00 NV SEARCHLIGHT                    
USH00268988  41.10    -114.97    1737.40 NV WELLS                          
USH00269171  40.90    -117.80    1309.40 NV WINNEMUCCA AP                  
USH00270706  44.30    -71.65     359.70  NH BETHLEHEM 2                    
USH00272174  43.15    -70.95     24.40   NH DURHAM                         
USH00272999  45.08    -71.28     506.00  NH FIRST CONNECTICUT LAKE         
USH00273850  43.70    -72.28     183.80  NH HANOVER                        
USH00274399  42.93    -72.32     158.50  NH KEENE                          
USH00280325  39.37    -74.42     3.00    NJ ATLANTIC CITY                  
USH00280734  40.82    -75.08     80.20   NJ BELVIDERE BRG                  
USH00280907  40.90    -74.40     85.30   NJ BOONTON 1 SE                   
USH00281582  41.03    -74.42     231.60  NJ CHARLOTTEBURG RSVR             
USH00283029  40.56    -74.88     79.20   NJ FLEMINGTON 5 NNW               
USH00283951  40.26    -74.56     30.50   NJ HIGHTSTOWN 2 W                 
USH00284229  39.81    -74.78     30.50   NJ INDIAN MILLS 2 W               
USH00284987  40.27    -74.00     9.10    NJ LONG BRANCH OAKHURST           
USH00285728  39.95    -74.96     13.70   NJ MOORESTOWN                     
USH00286055  40.47    -74.43     26.20   NJ NEW BRUNSWICK 3 SE             
USH00287079  40.60    -74.40     27.40   NJ PLAINFIELD                     
USH00288816  39.95    -74.21     30.50   NJ TOMS RIVER                     
USH00290692  36.83    -108.00    1720.30 NM AZTEC RUINS NM                 
USH00290858  35.52    -104.09    1371.60 NM BELL RANCH                     
USH00291469  32.34    -104.22    951.00  NM CARLSBAD                       
USH00291515  33.63    -105.89    1647.40 NM CARRIZOZO 1SW                  
USH00291664  36.91    -106.57    2392.70 NM CHAMA                          
USH00291813  36.46    -104.94    1993.40 NM CIMARRON 4 SW                  
USH00291887  36.44    -103.15    1511.80 NM CLAYTON MUNI ARPK AP           
USH00292608  36.93    -107.00    2070.50 NM DULCE                          
USH00292848  33.14    -107.18    1394.80 NM ELEPHANT BUTTE DAM             
USH00293265  32.79    -108.15    1872.10 NM FT BAYARD                      
USH00293294  34.46    -104.23    1226.80 NM FT SUMNER                      
USH00293368  32.22    -108.08    1365.20 NM GAGE                           
USH00294369  35.77    -106.68    1908.70 NM JEMEZ SPRINGS                  
USH00294426  32.61    -106.74    1300.30 NM JORNADA EXP RANGE              
USH00294862  35.56    -105.21    1935.20 NM LAS VEGAS WWTP                 
USH00295150  34.76    -106.76    1475.20 NM LOS LUNAS 3 SSW                
USH00295273  33.82    -108.94    2148.80 NM LUNA RS                        
USH00295960  32.95    -105.82    2066.50 NM MTN PARK                       
USH00295965  34.52    -106.26    1987.30 NM MOUNTAINAIR                    
USH00296435  32.37    -106.09    1274.70 NM OROGRANDE                      
USH00297323  36.70    -105.40    2644.40 NM RED RIVER                      
USH00297610  33.30    -104.50    1112.20 NM ROSWELL IND AP                 
USH00297867  35.10    -103.32    1289.30 NM SAN JON                        
USH00298107  34.93    -104.68    1405.10 NM SANTA ROSA                     
USH00298387  34.08    -106.88    1397.50 NM SOCORRO                        
USH00298501  36.36    -104.58    1794.70 NM SPRINGER                       
USH00298535  32.28    -106.75    1182.90 NM STATE UNIV                     
USH00299156  35.20    -103.68    1245.40 NM TUCUMCARI 4 NE                 
USH00299165  33.07    -106.04    1350.30 NM TULAROSA                       
USH00300023  42.10    -77.23     304.50  NY ADDISON                        
USH00300042  42.74    -73.80     83.80   NY ALBANY INTL AP                 
USH00300085  42.26    -77.78     539.50  NY ALFRED                         
USH00300093  42.10    -78.75     457.20  NY ALLEGANY SP                    
USH00300183  42.30    -77.98     440.40  NY ANGELICA                       
USH00300321  42.93    -76.54     234.70  NY AUBURN                         
USH00300443  43.03    -78.16     278.30  NY BATAVIA                        
USH00300687  42.20    -75.98     486.20  NY BINGHAMTON GREATER AP          
USH00300889  40.94    -72.30     18.30   NY BRIDGEHAMPTON                  
USH00300937  43.20    -77.93     163.10  NY BROCKPORT                      
USH00301012  42.94    -78.73     214.90  NY BUFFALO NIAGARA INTL           
USH00301185  44.57    -75.10     136.60  NY CANTON 4 SE                    
USH00301401  44.87    -73.39     47.90   NY CHAZY                          
USH00301752  42.71    -74.92     383.10  NY COOPERSTOWN                    
USH00301799  42.60    -76.18     344.10  NY CORTLAND                       
USH00301966  44.71    -73.72     408.40  NY DANNEMORA                      
USH00301974  42.56    -77.71     201.20  NY DANSVILLE                      
USH00302060  42.06    -75.42     304.80  NY DEPOSIT                        
USH00302129  41.00    -73.83     61.00   NY DOBBS FERRY ARDSLEY            
USH00302610  42.09    -76.83     288.60  NY ELMIRA                         
USH00303033  42.44    -79.31     231.60  NY FREDONIA                       
USH00303184  42.87    -77.03     218.80  NY GENEVA RSCH FARM               
USH00303259  41.51    -73.93     83.80   NY GLENHAM                        
USH00303319  43.04    -74.35     246.90  NY GLOVERSVILLE                   
USH00303773  42.77    -77.60     274.90  NY HEMLOCK                        
USH00304102  43.75    -74.26     506.00  NY INDIAN LAKE 2SW                
USH00304174  42.44    -76.44     292.60  NY ITHACA CORNELL UNIV            
USH00304555  44.24    -73.98     591.30  NY LAKE PLACID 2 S                
USH00304647  44.75    -74.66     142.00  NY LAWRENCEVILLE 3 SW             
USH00304791  43.06    -74.86     274.30  NY LITTLE FALLS CITY RSVR         
USH00304796  43.03    -74.86     109.70  NY LITTLE FALLS MILL ST           
USH00304844  43.13    -78.68     184.40  NY LOCKPORT 3 S                   
USH00304912  43.79    -75.48     262.10  NY LOWVILLE                       
USH00304996  44.84    -74.30     268.20  NY MALONE                         
USH00305113  42.46    -75.01     373.40  NY MARYLAND 9 SW                  
USH00305426  41.76    -74.15     379.50  NY MOHONK LAKE                    
USH00305512  42.84    -75.72     396.20  NY MORRISVILLE 6 SW               
USH00305801  40.77    -73.96     39.60   NY NY CITY CNTRL PARK             
USH00306085  42.51    -75.51     301.40  NY NORWICH                        
USH00306164  44.72    -75.44     85.30   NY OGDENSBURG 4 NE                
USH00306314  43.46    -76.49     106.70  NY OSWEGO EAST                    
USH00306774  41.38    -74.68     143.30  NY PORT JERVIS                    
USH00306820  41.59    -73.91     51.80   NY POUGHKEEPSIE                   
USH00307167  43.11    -77.67     162.50  NY ROCHESTER INTL AP              
USH00307484  43.03    -73.81     94.50   NY SARATOGA SPRINGS 4 SW          
USH00307633  40.95    -73.10     12.20   NY SETAUKET STRONG                
USH00308248  42.69    -73.83     515.10  NY STILLWATER RSVR                
USH00308383  43.10    -76.10     125.00  NY SYRACUSE WSO AP                
USH00308600  42.75    -73.68     7.30    NY TROY L&D                       
USH00308631  44.23    -74.43     512.10  NY TUPPER LAKE SUNMOUNT           
USH00308737  43.14    -75.38     216.70  NY UTICA FAA AP                   
USH00308906  41.55    -74.16     115.80  NY WALDEN 1 ESE                   
USH00308910  42.74    -78.51     332.20  NY WALES                          
USH00308944  44.14    -74.90     460.20  NY WANAKENA RNGR SCHOOL           
USH00309000  43.97    -75.87     151.50  NY WATERTOWN                      
USH00309292  41.39    -73.96     97.50   NY WEST POINT                     
USH00309670  41.26    -73.79     204.20  NY YORKTOWN HEIGHTS 1 W           
USH00310090  35.39    -80.19     185.90  NC ALBEMARLE                      
USH00311458  35.23    -75.62     3.40    NC CAPE HATTERAS AP               
USH00311677  35.90    -79.07     152.40  NC CHAPEL HILL 2 W                
USH00312635  36.01    -76.55     3.00    NC EDENTON                        
USH00312719  36.30    -76.20     2.40    NC ELIZABETH CITY                 
USH00313017  35.05    -78.85     29.30   NC FAYETTEVILLE PWC               
USH00313510  35.34    -77.96     33.20   NC GOLDSBORO 4 SE                 
USH00313969  36.34    -78.41     146.30  NC HENDERSON 2 NNW                
USH00313976  35.32    -82.44     658.40  NC HENDERSONVILLE 1 NE            
USH00314055  35.05    -83.18     1170.40 NC HIGHLANDS                      
USH00314684  35.19    -77.54     7.30    NC KINSTON 7 SE                   
USH00314938  35.91    -81.53     365.80  NC LENOIR                         
USH00315123  36.10    -78.30     79.20   NC LOUISBURG                      
USH00315177  34.62    -79.02     34.10   NC LUMBERTON                      
USH00315340  35.66    -82.02     446.80  NC MARION 2 NW                    
USH00315356  35.80    -82.66     609.60  NC MARSHALL                       
USH00315771  34.97    -80.52     167.60  NC MONROE 2 SE                    
USH00315830  34.73    -76.73     3.00    NC MOREHEAD CITY 2 WNW            
USH00315838  35.73    -81.67     353.60  NC MORGANTON                      
USH00315890  36.49    -80.65     317.30  NC MT AIRY 2 W                    
USH00317202  36.38    -79.69     271.30  NC REIDSVILLE 2 NW                
USH00317615  35.68    -80.48     213.40  NC SALISBURY                      
USH00317994  35.51    -78.34     45.70   NC SMITHFIELD                     
USH00318113  33.99    -78.00     6.10    NC SOUTHPORT 5 N                  
USH00318292  35.81    -80.88     289.60  NC STATESVILLE 2 NNE              
USH00318500  35.88    -77.53     10.70   NC TARBORO 1 S                    
USH00318694  36.39    -81.30     876.30  NC TRANSOU                        
USH00319147  35.48    -82.96     810.20  NC WAYNESVILLE 1 E                
USH00319476  35.69    -77.94     33.50   NC WILSON 3 SW                    
USH00320941  48.82    -100.44    496.20  ND BOTTINEAU                      
USH00321408  46.87    -97.23     285.00  ND CASSELTON AGRONOMY FM          
USH00321871  48.90    -103.29    595.00  ND CROSBY                         
USH00322188  46.89    -102.81    749.80  ND DICKINSON EXP STN              
USH00322365  47.34    -102.58    671.80  ND DUNN CENTER 1E                 
USH00323207  46.05    -100.66    510.50  ND FT YATES 4 SW                  
USH00323287  46.15    -98.40     437.40  ND FULLERTON 1 ESE                
USH00323594  48.41    -97.42     252.10  ND GRAFTON                        
USH00323621  47.92    -97.09     253.00  ND GRAND FORKS UNIV NWS           
USH00324178  45.99    -102.64    816.90  ND HETTINGER                      
USH00324203  47.43    -97.06     277.40  ND HILLSBORO 3 N                  
USH00324418  46.88    -98.68     447.10  ND JAMESTOWN STATE HOSP           
USH00324958  48.76    -98.34     492.30  ND LANGDON EXP FARM               
USH00325220  46.45    -97.68     336.50  ND LISBON                         
USH00325479  46.81    -100.90    533.40  ND MANDAN EXP STN                 
USH00326015  46.67    -100.22    548.60  ND MOFFIT 3 SE                    
USH00326155  46.37    -102.31    772.70  ND MOTT                           
USH00326255  46.50    -99.76     603.50  ND NAPOLEON                       
USH00326315  46.54    -102.86    804.40  ND NEW ENGLAND                    
USH00326947  48.97    -97.24     240.80  ND PEMBINA                        
USH00327530  46.88    -102.31    752.90  ND RICHARDTON ABBEY               
USH00328792  48.37    -100.39    451.10  ND TOWNER 2 NE                    
USH00329100  46.32    -96.61     291.40  ND WAHPETON 3 N                   
USH00329445  48.60    -100.29    449.00  ND WILLOW CITY                    
USH00331072  40.81    -82.96     291.10  OH BUCYRUS                        
USH00331152  40.26    -80.99     384.00  OH CADIZ                          
USH00331541  41.05    -81.93     359.70  OH CHIPPEWA LAKE                  
USH00331592  39.61    -82.95     205.10  OH CIRCLEVILLE                    
USH00331890  40.24    -81.87     231.60  OH COSHOCTON WPC PLT              
USH00332098  41.27    -84.38     213.40  OH DEFIANCE                       
USH00332119  40.31    -83.07     280.40  OH DELAWARE                       
USH00332791  41.04    -83.66     234.10  OH FINDLAY WPCC                   
USH00333375  40.10    -84.65     312.10  OH GREENVILLE WTP                 
USH00333758  39.20    -83.61     335.30  OH HILLSBORO                      
USH00333780  41.30    -81.15     374.90  OH HIRAM                          
USH00334189  40.64    -83.60     303.30  OH KENTON                         
USH00335041  39.65    -81.85     231.60  OH MC CONNELLSVILLE LK 7          
USH00335297  40.55    -81.91     249.60  OH MILLERSBURG                    
USH00335315  40.76    -80.85     356.60  OH MILLPORT 4 NE                  
USH00336118  41.26    -82.61     204.20  OH NORWALK WWTP                   
USH00336196  41.26    -82.21     248.70  OH OBERLIN                        
USH00336600  39.83    -81.91     310.90  OH PHILO 3 SW                     
USH00336781  38.75    -82.88     164.60  OH PORTSMOUTH-SCIOTOVILLE         
USH00338313  41.11    -83.16     225.60  OH TIFFIN                         
USH00338534  40.83    -83.28     260.30  OH UPPER SANDUSKY                 
USH00338552  40.10    -83.78     304.80  OH URBANA WWTP                    
USH00338769  41.20    -80.81     274.30  OH WARREN 3 S                     
USH00338822  41.51    -84.14     228.60  OH WAUSEON WTP                    
USH00338830  39.11    -82.97     170.70  OH WAVERLY                        
USH00339312  40.78    -81.91     310.90  OH WOOSTER EXP STN                
USH00340017  34.78    -96.68     309.40  OK ADA                            
USH00340179  34.59    -99.33     420.60  OK ALTUS IRIG RSCH STN            
USH00340256  34.22    -95.61     143.30  OK ANTLERS                        
USH00340292  34.17    -97.12     268.20  OK ARDMORE                        
USH00340548  36.76    -96.02     217.90  OK BARTLESVILLE MUNI AP           
USH00340593  36.81    -100.53    751.30  OK BEAVER                         
USH00340908  36.72    -102.48    1259.70 OK BOISE CITY 2 E                 
USH00341243  36.80    -99.64     588.30  OK BUFFALO 2 SSW                  
USH00341504  35.17    -98.57     451.40  OK CARNEGIE 5 NE                  
USH00341724  36.77    -98.35     359.70  OK CHEROKEE                       
USH00341828  36.32    -95.58     179.20  OK CLAREMORE 2 ENE                
USH00342678  34.00    -96.36     182.90  OK DURANT                         
USH00342912  36.41    -97.87     379.50  OK ENID                           
USH00342944  35.21    -99.86     627.90  OK ERICK                          
USH00343497  35.62    -98.32     487.70  OK GEARY                          
USH00343628  36.59    -101.61    1008.90 OK GOODWELL RSCH STN              
USH00343821  35.81    -97.39     338.30  OK GUTHRIE 5S                     
USH00343871  35.58    -99.39     554.70  OK HAMMON 3 SSW                   
USH00344055  36.09    -97.83     357.80  OK HENNESSEY 4 ESE                
USH00344204  34.98    -99.05     474.30  OK HOBART MUNI AP                 
USH00344235  35.05    -96.38     260.60  OK HOLDENVILLE 2SSE               
USH00344298  36.85    -101.21    912.90  OK HOOKER                         
USH00344573  36.72    -97.79     318.50  OK JEFFERSON                      
USH00344766  36.90    -102.96    1325.90 OK KENTON                         
USH00344861  35.85    -97.92     320.00  OK KINGFISHER                     
USH00345063  34.60    -98.45     350.50  OK LAWTON                         
USH00345509  34.89    -99.50     486.20  OK MANGUM                         
USH00345779  35.50    -96.97     281.90  OK MEEKER 5 W                     
USH00345855  36.88    -94.88     245.40  OK MIAMI                          
USH00346130  35.77    -95.33     157.90  OK MUSKOGEE                       
USH00346139  36.22    -99.17     576.10  OK MUTUAL                         
USH00346278  36.89    -97.05     347.50  OK NEWKIRK 1NW                    
USH00346629  36.12    -98.31     370.30  OK OKEENE                         
USH00346638  35.42    -96.30     285.00  OK OKEMAH                         
USH00346670  35.62    -96.02     197.20  OK OKMULGEE WTR WKS               
USH00346926  34.72    -97.28     286.50  OK PAULS VALLEY 4 WSW             
USH00346935  36.66    -96.34     254.50  OK PAWHUSKA                       
USH00347012  36.28    -97.28     312.40  OK PERRY                          
USH00347254  35.05    -94.62     134.10  OK POTEAU WTR WKS                 
USH00348501  36.11    -97.09     272.80  OK STILLWATER 2 W                 
USH00348677  35.93    -94.96     259.10  OK TAHLEQUAH                      
USH00349395  34.17    -97.99     278.00  OK WAURIKA                        
USH00349422  35.52    -98.69     493.20  OK WEATHERFORD                    
USH00349445  35.48    -95.20     167.60  OK WEBBERS FALLS 5 WSW            
USH00350304  42.21    -122.71    532.20  OR ASHLAND                        
USH00350328  46.15    -123.88    2.70    OR ASTORIA AP PORT OF             
USH00350412  44.84    -117.80    1024.40 OR BAKER CITY AP                  
USH00350694  44.05    -121.28    1115.60 OR BEND                           
USH00351055  42.03    -124.24    15.20   OR BROOKINGS 2 SE                 
USH00351433  44.39    -122.48    292.60  OR CASCADIA                       
USH00351765  45.23    -120.18    865.60  OR CONDON                         
USH00351862  44.63    -123.19    68.60   OR CORVALLIS STATE UNIV           
USH00351897  43.79    -123.02    181.40  OR COTTAGE GROVE 1 NNE            
USH00351946  42.89    -122.13    1973.60 OR CRATER LAKE NPS HQ             
USH00352135  42.94    -117.33    1287.80 OR DANNER                         
USH00352406  43.66    -123.32    89.00   OR DRAIN                          
USH00352440  45.45    -121.13    405.40  OR DUFUR                          
USH00352997  45.52    -123.10    54.90   OR FOREST GROVE                   
USH00353095  43.39    -121.21    1404.80 OR FREMONT 5 NW                   
USH00353445  42.42    -123.32    283.50  OR GRANTS PASS                    
USH00353770  45.44    -122.15    228.00  OR HEADWORKS PORTLAND WTR         
USH00353827  45.36    -119.56    574.50  OR HEPPNER                        
USH00353847  45.82    -119.26    195.10  OR HERMISTON 1 SE                 
USH00354003  45.68    -121.51    152.40  OR HOOD RIVER EXP STN             
USH00354506  42.20    -121.78    1249.10 OR KLAMATH FALLS 2 SSW            
USH00354670  42.21    -120.36    1456.30 OR LAKEVIEW 2 NNW                 
USH00355162  43.26    -118.84    1255.20 OR MALHEUR REFUGE HQ              
USH00355362  44.17    -122.11    450.50  OR MCKENZIE BRG RS                
USH00355384  45.22    -123.16    47.20   OR MC MINNVILLE                   
USH00355593  45.94    -118.40    295.70  OR MILTON FREEWATER               
USH00355734  45.48    -120.72    570.00  OR MORO                           
USH00356032  44.64    -124.05    37.20   OR NEWPORT                        
USH00356073  43.41    -124.24    1.80    OR NORTH BEND FCWOS               
USH00356426  42.69    -120.54    1328.90 OR PAISLEY                        
USH00356634  45.47    -118.82    524.30  OR PILOT ROCK 1 SE                
USH00356883  44.30    -120.80    888.50  OR PRINEVILLE                     
USH00356907  42.73    -122.51    756.50  OR PROSPECT 2 SW                  
USH00357169  42.95    -123.35    207.30  OR RIDDLE                         
USH00357331  43.21    -123.36    129.50  OR ROSEBURG KQEN                  
USH00358466  45.12    -122.07    341.40  OR THREE LYNX                     
USH00358494  45.45    -123.87    3.00    OR TILLAMOOK 1 W                  
USH00358746  45.20    -117.87    842.80  OR UNION EXP STN                  
USH00358797  43.98    -117.24    682.80  OR VALE                           
USH00358997  45.57    -117.53    890.90  OR WALLOWA                        
USH00360106  40.65    -75.44     118.90  PA ALLENTOWN AP                   
USH00361354  39.93    -77.63     195.10  PA CHAMBERSBURG 1 ESE             
USH00362537  39.80    -77.22     164.60  PA EISENHOWER NHS                 
USH00362682  42.08    -80.18     222.50  PA ERIE WSO AP                    
USH00363028  41.40    -79.83     309.40  PA FRANKLIN                       
USH00363526  41.41    -80.36     344.40  PA GREENVILLE 2 NE                
USH00364385  40.33    -78.91     370.00  PA JOHNSTOWN                      
USH00364896  40.33    -76.46     137.20  PA LEBANON 2 W                    
USH00365915  41.85    -75.85     432.80  PA MONTROSE                       
USH00366233  41.01    -80.36     251.50  PA NEW CASTLE 1 N                 
USH00366689  40.80    -75.61     125.00  PA PALMERTON                      
USH00367029  41.73    -75.44     548.60  PA PLEASANT MT 1 W                
USH00367322  40.42    -75.93     109.70  PA READING 4 NNW                  
USH00367477  41.42    -78.74     414.50  PA RIDGWAY                        
USH00367931  40.78    -76.86     128.00  PA SELINSGROVE 2 S                
USH00368449  40.79    -77.86     356.60  PA STATE COLLEGE                  
USH00368596  41.01    -75.19     140.20  PA STROUDSBURG                    
USH00368905  41.75    -76.44     231.60  PA TOWANDA 1 S                    
USH00369050  39.91    -79.71     291.40  PA UNIONTOWN 1 NE                 
USH00369298  41.85    -79.15     368.80  PA WARREN                         
USH00369408  41.70    -77.38     554.10  PA WELLSBORO 4 SW                 
USH00369464  39.97    -75.63     114.30  PA WEST CHESTER 2 NW              
USH00369728  41.24    -76.92     158.50  PA WILLIAMSPORT RGNL AP           
USH00369933  39.91    -76.75     118.90  PA YORK 3 SSW PUMP                
USH00370896  41.16    -71.58     33.50   RI BLOCK ISLAND STATE AP          
USH00374266  41.49    -71.54     34.70   RI KINGSTON                       
USH00376698  41.72    -71.43     15.50   RI PROVIDENCE WSO AP              
USH00380074  33.49    -81.69     150.00  SC AIKEN 5SE                      
USH00380165  34.52    -82.66     243.80  SC ANDERSON                       
USH00380559  32.39    -80.69     7.60    SC BEAUFORT WWTP                  
USH00380764  33.36    -81.32     98.80   SC BLACKVILLE 3 W                 
USH00381277  34.09    -82.58     161.50  SC CALHOUN FALLS                  
USH00381310  34.24    -80.65     42.70   SC CAMDEN 3 W                     
USH00381549  32.78    -79.93     3.00    SC CHARLESTON CITY                
USH00381588  34.73    -79.88     42.70   SC CHERAW                         
USH00381770  34.66    -82.82     251.20  SC CLEMSON UNIV                   
USH00381944  33.98    -81.01     73.80   SC COLUMBIA UNIV OF SC            
USH00381997  33.83    -79.05     6.10    SC CONWAY                         
USH00382260  34.30    -79.87     45.70   SC DARLINGTON                     
USH00383468  33.36    -79.22     3.00    SC GEORGETOWN 2 E                 
USH00383747  34.88    -82.22     287.40  SC GRNVL SPART INTL AP            
USH00383754  34.19    -82.17     187.50  SC GREENWOOD                      
USH00384690  34.53    -80.59     138.10  SC KERSHAW 1SW                    
USH00384753  33.67    -79.82     22.90   SC KINGSTREE                      
USH00385017  34.49    -82.02     179.50  SC LAURENS                        
USH00385200  34.19    -81.41     216.70  SC LITTLE MTN                     
USH00386209  34.29    -81.62     145.10  SC NEWBERRY                       
USH00386527  33.48    -80.87     54.90   SC ORANGEBURG 2                   
USH00387631  33.99    -81.77     146.30  SC SALUDA                         
USH00387722  34.63    -81.52     158.50  SC SANTUCK                        
USH00388426  33.03    -80.23     19.80   SC SUMMERVILLE 4W                 
USH00388440  33.93    -80.35     53.90   SC SUMTER                         
USH00388887  34.74    -83.08     298.70  SC WALHALLA                       
USH00389327  34.37    -81.09     170.70  SC WINNSBORO                      
USH00389350  34.93    -81.03     210.30  SC WINTHROP UNIV                  
USH00389469  32.68    -80.84     7.60    SC YEMASSEE                       
USH00390020  45.44    -98.41     395.30  SD ABERDEEN RGNL AP               
USH00390043  43.48    -99.06     512.10  SD ACADEMY 2NE                    
USH00390128  43.65    -97.78     412.40  SD ALEXANDRIA                     
USH00391392  43.30    -96.59     410.00  SD CANTON                         
USH00391739  44.88    -97.73     549.90  SD CLARK                          
USH00391972  43.96    -101.86    735.80  SD COTTONWOOD 2 E                 
USH00392429  45.04    -101.59    723.90  SD DUPREE                         
USH00392797  45.76    -99.63     566.90  SD EUREKA                         
USH00392927  45.03    -99.13     478.50  SD FAULKTON 1 NW                  
USH00393029  44.04    -98.07     374.90  SD FORESTBURG 3 NE                
USH00393217  44.05    -99.07     524.30  SD GANN VALLEY 4NW                
USH00393832  44.52    -99.45     576.10  SD HIGHMORE 1 W                   
USH00394007  43.43    -103.47    1085.10 SD HOT SPRINGS                    
USH00394037  44.01    -97.52     474.90  SD HOWARD                         
USH00394516  43.90    -99.86     518.20  SD KENNEBEC                       
USH00395456  45.15    -98.58     396.80  SD MELLETTE 4 W                   
USH00395481  43.23    -97.57     403.60  SD MENNO                          
USH00395536  45.28    -96.66     349.00  SD MILBANK 4 NW                   
USH00395891  43.88    -100.70    707.10  SD MURDO                          
USH00396170  44.44    -100.41    506.00  SD OAHE DAM                       
USH00396597  44.38    -100.28    531.00  SD PIERRE RGNL AP                 
USH00396947  44.11    -103.28    1051.60 SD RAPID CITY 4NW                 
USH00398622  42.76    -96.91     362.70  SD VERMILLION 2 SE                
USH00398932  44.90    -97.14     532.80  SD WATERTOWN RGNL AP              
USH00399442  43.49    -100.47    664.50  SD WOOD                           
USH00401790  36.54    -87.35     116.40  TN CLARKSVILLE WWTP               
USH00402024  34.99    -84.37     442.00  TN COPPERHILL                     
USH00402108  35.54    -89.70     117.30  TN COVINGTON 3 SW                 
USH00402202  36.01    -85.13     551.70  TN CROSSVILLE ED & RESEARCH       
USH00402489  36.07    -87.39     237.70  TN DICKSON                        
USH00402589  36.48    -87.86     144.80  TN DOVER 1 W                      
USH00404561  35.62    -88.84     121.90  TN JACKSON EXP STN                
USH00405187  35.41    -86.80     239.90  TN LEWISBURG EXP STN              
USH00405882  35.67    -85.78     286.50  TN MC MINNVILLE                   
USH00406371  35.92    -86.37     163.10  TN MURFREESBORO 5 N               
USH00406534  35.98    -83.20     315.80  TN NEWPORT 1 NW                   
USH00407884  36.41    -82.98     413.00  TN ROGERSVILLE 1 NE               
USH00409155  35.34    -86.20     311.50  TN TULLAHOMA                      
USH00409219  36.39    -89.03     106.70  TN UNION CITY                     
USH00409502  35.30    -87.75     228.60  TN WAYNESBORO                     
USH00410120  32.72    -99.30     426.70  TX ALBANY                         
USH00410144  27.72    -98.06     61.30   TX ALICE                          
USH00410174  30.37    -103.66    1356.40 TX ALPINE                         
USH00410493  31.74    -99.97     534.90  TX BALLINGER 2 NW                 
USH00410498  30.98    -103.74    981.50  TX BALMORHEA                      
USH00410639  28.45    -97.70     77.70   TX BEEVILLE 5 NE                  
USH00410832  30.10    -98.42     419.10  TX BLANCO                         
USH00410902  29.79    -98.73     440.10  TX BOERNE                         
USH00411000  35.53    -102.25    972.60  TX BOYS RANCH                     
USH00411048  30.15    -96.39     95.40   TX BRENHAM                        
USH00411138  31.73    -98.94     426.70  TX BROWNWOOD 2ENE                 
USH00411528  28.33    -99.63     170.70  TX CATARINA                       
USH00411772  33.61    -95.07     132.60  TX CLARKSVILLE 2NE                
USH00412015  27.77    -97.51     13.40   TX CORPUS CHRISTI AP              
USH00412019  32.10    -96.47     125.90  TX CORSICANA                      
USH00412121  33.65    -101.24    917.40  TX CROSBYTON                      
USH00412266  29.05    -96.23     21.30   TX DANEVANG 1 W                   
USH00412598  32.06    -98.30     447.40  TX DUBLIN 2SE                     
USH00412679  28.75    -100.47    247.50  TX EAGLE PASS 3N                  
USH00412797  31.81    -106.37    1194.20 TX EL PASO AP                     
USH00412906  28.02    -99.35     176.80  TX ENCINAL                        
USH00413063  27.13    -98.12     42.40   TX FALFURRIAS                     
USH00413183  29.67    -97.11     158.50  TX FLATONIA                       
USH00413280  30.90    -102.91    926.00  TX FT STOCKTON                    
USH00413420  33.64    -97.05     265.20  TX GAINESVILLE 5 ENE              
USH00413734  33.16    -96.09     166.10  TX GREENVILLE KGVL RADIO          
USH00413873  29.47    -96.93     83.80   TX HALLETTSVILLE 2 N              
USH00413992  33.15    -99.74     487.70  TX HASKELL                        
USH00415018  31.07    -98.18     314.60  TX LAMPASAS                       
USH00415196  30.05    -94.79     10.70   TX LIBERTY                        
USH00415272  30.74    -98.65     310.90  TX LLANO                          
USH00415429  29.67    -97.65     121.90  TX LULING                         
USH00415618  32.54    -94.35     107.30  TX MARSHALL                       
USH00415707  31.13    -102.22    757.70  TX MCCAMEY                        
USH00415869  31.70    -96.51     161.50  TX MEXIA                          
USH00415875  35.70    -100.64    839.70  TX MIAMI                          
USH00416135  34.21    -102.73    1167.40 TX MULESHOE #1                    
USH00416276  29.71    -98.11     208.80  TX NEW BRAUNFELS                  
USH00416794  33.67    -95.55     165.20  TX PARIS                          
USH00416892  31.41    -103.50    795.50  TX PECOS                          
USH00417079  34.18    -101.70    1027.20 TX PLAINVIEW                      
USH00417336  34.27    -99.75     488.30  TX QUANAH 2 SW                    
USH00417622  26.37    -98.81     52.40   TX RIO GRANDE CITY                
USH00417945  29.53    -98.47     246.60  TX SAN ANTONIO INTL AP            
USH00418201  32.71    -102.65    1016.80 TX SEMINOLE                       
USH00418433  32.71    -100.91    706.80  TX SNYDER                         
USH00418692  36.33    -102.07    1125.60 TX STRATFORD                      
USH00418910  31.07    -97.31     193.50  TX TEMPLE                         
USH00419532  32.74    -97.77     291.10  TX WEATHERFORD                    
USH00420086  37.44    -112.48    2145.80 UT ALTON                          
USH00420738  37.61    -109.48    1854.70 UT BLANDING                       
USH00420788  37.28    -109.55    1318.00 UT BLUFF                          
USH00421731  41.54    -112.11    1289.30 UT CORINNE                        
USH00422101  39.28    -112.65    1399.00 UT DESERET                        
USH00422253  40.16    -110.39    1682.50 UT DUCHESNE                       
USH00422592  37.76    -111.59    1770.90 UT ESCALANTE                      
USH00422726  41.02    -111.93    1335.00 UT FARMINGTON 3 NW                
USH00422828  38.96    -112.32    1560.60 UT FILLMORE                       
USH00422996  40.28    -109.86    1539.20 UT FT DUCHESNE                    
USH00423418  38.99    -110.15    1240.50 UT GREEN RIVER AVIATION           
USH00423611  38.37    -110.71    1313.10 UT HANKSVILLE                     
USH00423809  40.49    -111.42    1703.80 UT HEBER                          
USH00424508  37.02    -112.53    1493.50 UT KANAB                          
USH00424856  41.82    -111.32    1822.70 UT LAKETOWN                       
USH00425065  39.56    -111.86    1614.80 UT LEVAN                          
USH00425186  41.74    -111.80    1460.00 UT LOGAN UTAH ST UNIV             
USH00425402  39.25    -111.63    1749.60 UT MANTI                          
USH00425477  38.45    -112.22    1801.40 UT MARYSVALE                      
USH00425733  38.57    -109.54    1242.70 UT MOAB                           
USH00425752  37.79    -113.92    1664.20 UT MODENA                         
USH00425826  41.04    -111.67    1551.40 UT MORGAN POWER & LIGHT           
USH00426135  39.71    -111.83    1563.00 UT NEPHI                          
USH00426404  41.24    -111.94    1325.90 UT OGDEN PIONEER P H              
USH00426601  37.82    -112.44    2020.80 UT PANGUITCH                      
USH00426686  37.84    -112.82    1828.80 UT PAROWAN PWR                    
USH00427260  38.76    -112.07    1615.40 UT RICHFIELD RADIO KSVC           
USH00427516  37.10    -113.56    844.30  UT ST GEORGE                      
USH00427559  38.91    -111.41    2304.30 UT SALINA 24 E                    
USH00427714  39.24    -112.10    1619.70 UT SCIPIO                         
USH00427729  39.68    -111.20    2655.40 UT SCOFIELD-SKYLINE MINE          
USH00427909  40.54    -111.50    1831.80 UT SNAKE CREEK POWERHOUSE         
USH00428119  40.07    -111.60    1438.70 UT SPANISH FORK PWR HOUSE         
USH00428705  38.96    -109.71    1554.20 UT THOMPSON                       
USH00428771  40.52    -112.29    1546.60 UT TOOELE                         
USH00428973  40.35    -111.89    1370.70 UT UTAH LAKE LEHI                 
USH00429111  40.42    -109.55    1668.50 UT VERNAL 2SW                     
USH00429382  40.72    -114.03    1291.40 UT WENDOVER AP AWOS               
USH00429595  41.52    -111.14    1924.80 UT WOODRUFF                       
USH00429717  37.20    -112.98    1234.40 UT ZION NP                        
USH00431081  44.46    -73.15     100.60  VT BURLINGTON WSO AP              
USH00431243  43.38    -72.59     256.60  VT CAVENDISH                      
USH00431360  43.98    -72.45     243.80  VT CHELSEA                        
USH00431580  43.95    -73.21     105.20  VT CORNWALL                       
USH00432769  44.90    -72.80     128.00  VT ENOSBURG FALLS                 
USH00437054  44.42    -72.01     213.40  VT SAINT JOHNSBURY                
USH00437607  44.62    -73.30     33.50   VT SOUTH HERO                     
USH00437612  44.07    -72.97     408.70  VT SOUTH LINCOLN                  
USH00440766  37.20    -80.41     640.10  VA BLACKSBURG NWSO                
USH00440993  37.70    -78.28     68.60   VA BREMO BLUFF                    
USH00441209  37.09    -81.33     935.10  VA BURKES GARDEN                  
USH00441593  38.03    -78.52     265.20  VA CHARLOTTESVILLE 2W             
USH00442208  38.45    -78.93     426.70  VA DALE ENTERPRISE                
USH00442245  36.58    -79.38     125.00  VA DANVILLE                       
USH00442941  37.32    -78.38     137.20  VA FARMVILLE 2 N                  
USH00443192  38.31    -77.45     27.40   VA FREDERICKSBURG NP              
USH00444101  37.29    -77.27     12.20   VA HOPEWELL                       
USH00444128  37.99    -79.83     681.50  VA HOT SPRINGS                    
USH00444876  37.79    -79.41     342.90  VA LEXINGTON                      
USH00444909  39.08    -77.69     152.40  VA LINCOLN                        
USH00446139  36.90    -76.19     9.10    VA NORFOLK INTL AP                
USH00446626  36.73    -82.99     448.10  VA PENNINGTON GAP                 
USH00446712  38.23    -78.12     158.50  VA PIEDMONT RSCH STN              
USH00447338  36.97    -79.89     400.80  VA ROCKY MT                       
USH00448062  38.18    -79.09     499.90  VA STAUNTON WATER TRMTMT PLT      
USH00449151  37.30    -76.70     21.30   VA WILLIAMSBURG 2 N               
USH00449263  38.90    -78.48     205.70  VA WOODSTOCK 2 NE                 
USH00450008  46.96    -123.82    3.00    WA ABERDEEN                       
USH00450587  48.71    -122.51    4.60    WA BELLINGHAM 3 SSW               
USH00450729  48.97    -122.79    18.30   WA BLAINE                         
USH00450945  47.16    -122.00    208.80  WA BUCKLEY 1 NE                   
USH00451233  47.41    -121.75    475.50  WA CEDAR LAKE                     
USH00451276  46.72    -122.95    56.40   WA CENTRALIA                      
USH00451484  48.96    -122.32    19.50   WA CLEARBROOK                     
USH00451504  47.18    -120.94    585.20  WA CLE ELUM                       
USH00451630  48.54    -117.90    474.60  WA COLVILLE                       
USH00451666  48.54    -119.74    707.10  WA CONCONULLY                     
USH00451939  47.37    -123.16    6.40    WA CUSHMAN POWERHOUSE 2           
USH00452007  47.65    -118.14    743.70  WA DAVENPORT                      
USH00452030  46.31    -118.00    474.60  WA DAYTON 1 WSW                   
USH00452505  46.96    -120.54    451.10  WA ELLENSBURG                     
USH00452675  47.97    -122.19    18.30   WA EVERETT                        
USH00452914  47.95    -124.35    106.70  WA FORKS 1 E                      
USH00453222  45.80    -120.84    499.90  WA GOLDENDALE                     
USH00454154  46.21    -119.10    118.90  WA KENNEWICK                      
USH00454748  46.36    -124.03    7.60    WA LONG BEACH EXP STN             
USH00454764  46.74    -121.81    841.90  WA LONGMIRE RAINIER NPS           
USH00454769  46.15    -122.91    3.70    WA LONGVIEW                       
USH00455224  47.13    -122.25    176.50  WA MC MILLIN RSVR                 
USH00455946  48.91    -117.80    423.70  WA NORTHPORT                      
USH00456039  47.32    -118.69    466.30  WA ODESSA                         
USH00456096  48.61    -122.80    24.40   WA OLGA 2 SE                      
USH00456610  46.46    -117.58    579.10  WA POMEROY                        
USH00456624  48.11    -123.43    27.40   WA PORT ANGELES                   
USH00456678  48.11    -122.75    30.50   WA PORT TOWNSEND                  
USH00456789  46.75    -117.19    775.70  WA PULLMAN 2 NW                   
USH00456914  46.65    -123.73    9.10    WA RAYMOND 2 S                    
USH00457059  47.11    -118.37    557.80  WA RITZVILLE 1 SSE                
USH00457267  47.08    -117.59    592.80  WA SAINT JOHN                     
USH00457458  47.65    -122.30    5.80    WA SEATTLE URBAN SITE             
USH00457507  48.49    -122.23    18.30   WA SEDRO WOOLLEY                  
USH00457773  47.54    -121.83    134.10  WA SNOQUALMIE FALLS               
USH00457938  47.62    -117.52    717.20  WA SPOKANE INTL AP                
USH00458059  48.35    -120.72    387.10  WA STEHEKIN 4 NW                  
USH00458207  46.32    -120.01    227.70  WA SUNNYSIDE                      
USH00458773  45.67    -122.65    64.00   WA VANCOUVER 4 NNE                
USH00458928  46.10    -118.28    355.40  WA WALLA WALLA FAA AP             
USH00459012  47.64    -120.06    798.60  WA WATERVILLE                     
USH00459074  47.42    -120.31    195.10  WA WENATCHEE                      
USH00459238  47.75    -118.67    679.70  WA WILBUR                         
USH00459376  48.45    -120.19    534.90  WA WINTHROP 1 WSW                 
USH00461220  38.98    -80.22     443.50  WV BUCKHANNON                     
USH00461330  39.20    -81.15     231.60  WV CAIRO                          
USH00463544  38.93    -80.83     216.40  WV GLENVILLE                      
USH00465224  37.85    -80.40     701.00  WV LEWISBURG 3 N                  
USH00465626  39.54    -80.46     335.30  WV MANNINGTON 8 WNW               
USH00465707  39.40    -77.98     162.80  WV MARTINSBURG E WV RGNL          
USH00466867  39.10    -79.66     556.60  WV PARSONS 1 NE                   
USH00466989  38.66    -80.20     877.80  WV PICKENS 2 N                    
USH00467029  37.57    -81.53     390.10  WV PINEVILLE                      
USH00468384  38.80    -81.36     287.40  WV SPENCER                        
USH00469368  40.27    -80.61     201.20  WV WELLSBURG WTR TRMT PL          
USH00469610  37.67    -82.27     231.60  WV WILLIAMSON                     
USH00469683  38.52    -81.91     186.20  WV WINFIELD LOCKS                 
USH00470349  46.58    -90.96     198.10  WI ASHLAND EXP FARM               
USH00470991  44.85    -88.98     329.20  WI BOWLER                         
USH00471078  42.61    -89.38     240.80  WI BRODHEAD                       
USH00472001  42.67    -90.11     292.60  WI DARLINGTON                     
USH00472839  43.79    -88.45     231.60  WI FOND DU LAC                    
USH00473405  44.11    -89.53     331.90  WI HANCOCK EXP FARM               
USH00474546  42.82    -90.78     317.00  WI LANCASTER 4 WSW                
USH00475017  44.08    -87.65     178.00  WI MANITOWOC                      
USH00475120  44.63    -90.13     377.00  WI MARSHFIELD EXP FARM            
USH00475255  45.13    -90.34     448.10  WI MEDFORD                        
USH00475474  43.07    -88.02     221.30  WI MILWAUKEE MT MARY COL          
USH00475516  45.88    -89.73     488.00  WI MINOCQUA                       
USH00475808  44.52    -90.63     310.90  WI NEILLSVILLE 3 SW               
USH00475932  44.35    -88.71     243.80  WI NEW LONDON                     
USH00476208  44.88    -87.95     201.20  WI OCONTO 4 W                     
USH00476330  44.02    -88.55     228.60  WI OSHKOSH                        
USH00476718  43.52    -89.43     236.20  WI PORTAGE                        
USH00476827  43.05    -91.13     200.60  WI PRAIRIE DU CHIEN               
USH00476922  42.70    -87.78     181.40  WI RACINE                         
USH00478027  45.82    -91.87     335.30  WI SPOONER AG RES STN             
USH00478110  44.96    -90.93     332.20  WI STANLEY                        
USH00478827  43.55    -90.87     382.50  WI VIROQUA                        
USH00478919  43.17    -88.73     251.50  WI WATERTOWN                      
USH00480140  43.77    -111.03    1962.00 WY ALTA 1 NNW                     
USH00480540  44.37    -108.03    1169.50 WY BASIN                          
USH00480552  42.63    -106.37    1831.80 WY BATES CREEK #2                 
USH00481675  41.15    -104.81    1868.40 WY CHEYENNE WSFO AP               
USH00481730  41.75    -104.82    1616.70 WY CHUGWATER                      
USH00481840  44.52    -109.06    1549.00 WY CODY                           
USH00481905  44.87    -104.15    1060.70 WY COLONY                         
USH00482595  43.22    -108.94    1699.30 WY DIVERSION DAM                  
USH00482715  43.53    -109.65    2119.90 WY DUBOIS                         
USH00483100  41.26    -110.95    2080.30 WY EVANSTON 1 E                   
USH00484065  41.53    -109.47    1852.30 WY GREEN RIVER                    
USH00485345  44.56    -110.39    2398.80 WY LAKE YELLOWSTONE               
USH00485415  41.31    -105.67    2214.70 WY LARAMIE RGNL AP                
USH00485830  42.75    -104.48    1551.40 WY LUSK 2 SW                      
USH00486195  43.41    -106.27    1481.30 WY MIDWEST                        
USH00486440  43.85    -110.58    2072.00 WY MORAN 5 WNW                    
USH00486660  43.85    -104.21    1315.20 WY NEWCASTLE                      
USH00487115  43.24    -108.69    1658.10 WY PAVILLION                      
USH00487240  41.17    -104.15    1578.90 WY PINE BLUFFS 5W                 
USH00487260  42.87    -109.86    2193.00 WY PINEDALE                       
USH00487388  44.77    -108.75    1332.00 WY POWELL FLD STN                 
USH00487760  43.03    -108.37    1510.30 WY RIVERTON                       
USH00487845  41.59    -109.06    2055.00 WY ROCK SPRINGS AP                
USH00487990  41.45    -106.80    2069.60 WY SARATOGA                       
USH00488160  44.84    -106.83    1143.00 WY SHERIDAN FLD STN               
USH00488995  42.08    -104.22    1249.10 WY TORRINGTON EXP FARM            
USH00489615  42.11    -104.94    1413.70 WY WHEATLAND 4 N                  
USH00489770  44.01    -107.96    1237.50 WY WORLAND                        
USH00489905  44.97    -110.69    1898.90 WY YELLOWSTONE PK MAMMOTH         

 My closest station is the UT Utah Lake Lindon station.

The US Temperature Record 2: Twelve Data Sets

At the USHCN data store there are four measurements, or "elements," available:

  • prcp: precipitation totals for each month
  • tavg: the monthly average of the daily average temperatures [(Tmin+Tmax)/2]
  • tmax: the monthly average of the daily high temperatures
  • tmin: the monthly average of the daily low temperatures

Question: why is the data stored by monthly average, when we have (at least I have) a weather station reporting the weather to national databases every five minutes? Because that's how it was reported until the 1990's. That's how the data was collected for most of the database existence, and they just kept it going. The data is far easier to gather now: no humans involved in reading, recording and resetting the thermometers each day, no emptying the rain trap, no missed days, no averages to calculate by hand, no reports lost in the mail or not sent. You can get an idea what these monthly reports look like from my weather station NOAA data page here.

And for each, three files, or "datasets," are available:

  • raw
  • tob
  • FLs.52j

Twelve data sets in all, supposedly representing one set of measurements. The trouble is those three types of data. Let's see what they are:

raw:

raw data come directly from the reports received. Thermometer readings as they were reported each month. 

tob: 

Data which has been corrected for time of observation. If the thermometer was observed at 10 am, Tmax represents yesterday's high, while Tmin is that morning's low. The tob correction is supposed to correct for that, which should mean very little to the monthly average and almost nothing to the yearly averages as it shifts the days by one. Scientifically I have a big problem with using this data, as they have changed the primary data. You should never do that. You can adjust the model using the data, but data is the only truth we have in science, and holds a special, inviolable place.

FLs.52j:

This is a far more extreme correction, using what is called the "pairwise homogenization algorithm," the PHA. This is an attempt to level off any variation in the monthly temperature series by comparing each station's monthly averages to those of a nearby station. I have a real problem with this fiddling with the data. They are attempting to solve two problems with one correction: variability in the time series (caused by changes in the measuring equipment or housing), and variability in the spatial series (variability in the temperatures recorded by nearby stations the same day, caused by changes in land use around the station, new roads, even tree growth nearby). It's an attempt to remove variability in the data, which is done so it matches the models better. If there is variability in the data, the model should always reflect that variability; only a fool would change the data to make it match the model better. And this dataset is the tenth ("jth") iteration of the algorithm, meaning they got it wrong nine times in a row but still trust the PHA. Most of us walk away from a bad restaurant after one bout of food poisoning; these guys are eating at the same place ten days straight! Someone needs to explain that to me.

Next up: part 3: Stations
Part 4: Data Flags

The US Temperature Record 1: Where is the data?

I want to examine the US temperature record honestly. We've all seen the "hockey stick" plot of temperatures. Is it real? I'm a scientist, which means there is a part of me that never believes anything I'm told. I want to know for myself. I hate being dependent on believing science. Like a religion. I've already got one, thanks. I'm not keen to adopt any others.

The US climate data repository is kept at the United States Historical Climatology Network (USHCN), https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/ushcn/data-access. It's kept by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and administered by the National Climatology Data Center (NCDC).

The Network is a set of just under 2000 weather stations which were started back in the Civil War times and added to into the 1950's. All were initially sited well, which means a well-ventilated box above the ground over a grassy field with no structures nor pavements nearby to influence the temperature readings. The thermometers they used were recording thermometers, a U-shaped tube with a bulb at the top of one arm with mercury at the bottom, and small bits of plastic riding on the top of the two arms of mercury. When the temperature went down, gas inside the bulb would contract and draw the mercury up that side, and leave the plastic bit clinging to the glass at its high point representing the coldest temperature of the day. When hot the gas expands, pushing the mercury up in the other column, leaving it's bit of plastic high and dry at the hottest part of the day. Someone come out each day to record the hottest and coldest temperature, then knocks the bits back down by tapping the thermometer. Each month the highs and lows are averaged, and the monthly average is calculated. For most purposes, the monthly average is all that is needed to see general weather trends. The USHCN is a list of the average monthly high, low, and daily average temperatures for each station. It also includes precipitation totals for each month. 

If you followed the link above, you'll find the link to the FTP site where the data is kept (https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/pub/data/ushcn/v2.5/) where you'll be confused. What's up with all those different temperature sets? That's in part 2.

Things which should be Cancelled 2: Watching for iniquity

We live in a judgmental culture. Very judgmental. Every social media post is held as a document of condemnation, of a potential failing of the moral character. That scrutiny for iniquity is destroying any hope we have of being friends.

Isaiah 29:20-21 (KJV)

20 For the terrible one is brought to nought, and the scorner is consumed, and all that watch for iniquity are cut off:

21 That make a man an offender for a word, and lay a snare for him that reproveth in the gate, and turn aside the just for a thing of nought.

Isaiah 29:20-21 (NIV)

20 The ruthless will vanish,
    the mockers will disappear,
    and all who have an eye for evil will be cut down—
21 those who with a word make someone out to be guilty,
    who ensnare the defender in court
    and with false testimony deprive the innocent of justice.

2 Nephi 27:31-32 (Quoting Isaiah)

31 For assuredly as the Lord liveth they shall see that the terrible one is brought to naught, and the scorner is consumed, and all that watch for iniquity are cut off;

32 And they that make a man an offender for a word, and lay a snare for him that reproveth in the gate, and turn aside the just for a thing of naught.

Doctrine & Covenants 45:50

50 And calamity shall cover the mocker, and the scorner shall be consumed; and they that have watched for iniquity shall be hewn down and cast into the fire.

There are plenty of verses in all books that tell us to avoid iniquity, but only these one tells us to avoid watching for it. And you have to admit, social media is all about watching for iniquity. And condemning the "guilty."

Why do we watch for iniquity?

We are human. We can't be expected to be perfect.

Now, speaking of why, perfectionism is an emotional health problem. Probably from childhood, some of our parents made it clear that unless we are perfect for them we can't be loved. It's part of performing well in school, part of being obedient when we were little, and certainly part of being on social media. Perfectionism is one of the poorest ways to "earn" love. Because you can't earn love, it is given freely. But when we were kids it wasn't given freely. It came with conditions. And that makes perfectionists out of kids (and those it don't become perfectionists become rebels, which isn't as bad, or become loathers of themselves, which is way worse).

Where does the desire to watch for iniquity come from?

Moses 4:1-4 (Pearl of Great Price, LDS Scripture)

And I, the Lord God, spake unto Moses, saying: That Satan, whom thou hast commanded in the name of mine Only Begotten, is the same which was from the beginning, and he came before me, saying—Behold, here am I, send me, I will be thy son, and I will redeem all mankind, that one soul shall not be lost, and surely I will do it; wherefore give me thine honor.

But, behold, my Beloved Son, which was my Beloved and Chosen from the beginning, said unto me—Father, thy will be done, and the glory be thine forever.

Wherefore, because that Satan rebelled against me, and sought to destroy the agency of man, which I, the Lord God, had given him, and also, that I should give unto him mine own power; by the power of mine Only Begotten, I caused that he should be cast down;

And he became Satan, yea, even the devil, the father of all lies, to deceive and to blind men, and to lead them captive at his will, even as many as would not hearken unto my voice.

Forcing everyone to be perfect while here on Earth is the only way I can imagine Satan making sure that no one would ever make any mistake. Perfectionism was Satan's plan. We would give up our agency (and any possibility of eternal progress) and Satan would get the glory; we sacrifice for him. Heavenly Father's plan was to give us our agency, and Jesus would make the sacrifice. His was the better plan. The biggest thing ever to happen on this planet was when Jesus performed the atonement for all of us, freed us from our own iniquity, and made it so that having accepted Jesus our mistakes would never trail after us.

Pretty amazing, I think.

Rewriting your childhood

You can't rewrite your childhood. It's there, traumas and all.

But you can rewrite how you feel about it. I have been responding to the mini-traumas from my childhood most of my life, having never been taught how to deal with feelings. 

But by re-imagining those episodes I can change how I still feel about them. 

https://medium.com/the-ascent/how-you-can-rewrite-the-story-of-your-unhappy-childhood-a7ef2011cc7a

https://www.evelynlim.com/the-story-of-the-wounded-child/

Is it easy? No.

Is it possible? Always yes.

Is there healing in the end. Yes. That's where I am now.

Finally.

I always knew there was something wrong with me, but that was part of the story I had been led to believe. It was eight years ago I realized it was wasn't me, but the way I was raised. I've been at it a long time.

I still have a lot to process, (seems like a lot, but when I count out the episodes on a hand it's not so many), and others might show up, but I know how to deal with them. Keith Louw in North Orem helped me a great deal in re-imagining those episodes, which takes the emotion right out of them. Thanks, Keith!

Camping with Becky

The weekend before school started I went camping with Becky on the Wedge. The Wedge is a land formation on the northern end of the San Rafael Swell in central Utah. The Wedge is a triangle of rock sitting on a slight angle, maybe 8 miles on a side, and at the southern upper tip it overlooks the canyon of the San Rafael river, the "little grand canyon."

We got there around 4 pm and found a campsite in the large camping area west of the road. Our tent site was pretty level. We set up the spring-bar tent, inflated the mattress, got bedding settled in. I always camped alone in the past. Growing up we camped a lot with the family, and I always came away feeling responsible to getting camp set up and put away. That feeling of responsibility never left me, so I never liked anyone else there with me because that feeling was associated with a sort of slave labor and being shamed if I didn't do it well. But setting up camp with Becky was completely different. It was fun, and we got it done fast.

On the way in to the Wedge we saw a flock of birds. I had never seen a flock of birds there before. Maybe three swifts wooshing past me on the edge of a cliff, a lone raven rasping high above, a silent and solitary hawk, or heard the descending whistle of a canyon wren, but never a flock. Previously, over the decades, only two remarkable things had I seen: the year the frogs came up to mate at the bottom of Buckhorn Canyon, and the year the donkeys of the eastern central Swell were mating, loudly, near Wilson Holes. That was a thing to hear. I never saw them, though. They may have been arguing.

On an ATV ride around the Wedge we came upon a herd of antelope. I'd never seen more than four antelope before there, but this herd was over 20.

After dinner, as the sun went down, with a pleasant breeze keeping the bugs away we sat in the shade of our tent and joked around and talked and enjoyed the pleasantly warm air. We wanted to watch a movie on our phone, but we didn't have one. I had some old radio shows so we listened to them. At dusk the full moon came up, looking red in the smoke from the California fires, which made the dusk feel magical. I don't remember which shows we listened to, but we talked over them and enjoyed them. After dark there was a line of thunderstorms far to the north. Each lightning flash illuminated the tops and the bottoms of the clouds, but it was dead silent. More magic. The breeze never stopped, but it was never really cool either. Both of us had coats on, Becky wearing hers and mine draped over my bare legs. Listening to the shows, enjoying the breeze, watching the distant storm. A perfect evening camping.

Thanks, Becky. I love you.